Reproductive Potentials of Gayal (Bos frontalis) under Semi-intensive Management

  • Giasuddin, M. (Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Huque, K.S. (Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Alam, J. (Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute)
  • Received : 2002.03.05
  • Accepted : 2002.07.22
  • Published : 2003.03.01


The assessment of reproductive potentials of female gayal under semi-intensive management was conducted with 18 animals in Bandarban hilly area of Bangladesh. Age at first estrous (days), age at first conception (days), length of estrous cycle (days), number of service per conception (natural), gestation period (days), age at first calving (days), and calving interval (natural service) (days) of gayal were $598.2{\pm}168.44$, $723{\pm}169.94$, $21.86{\pm}2.93$, 1.41, $296.05{\pm}3.87$, $1014.42{\pm}260.32$ and $465{\pm}80.48$ respectively. Daily milk yield and lactation length of gayal were $304.98{\pm}30.46ml/day$ and $116.67{\pm}8.08days$. Gayal male calves had higher birth weight (19.67 kg) than female calves (15.58 kg) in first lactation. Birth weight increases in second and third lactation than first lactation in both male and female calves. Highest conception rate observed in winter season and 70.60% successful conception occur when service was given within 21-30 h of estrous. Maximum number of female gayal use to come in estrous in winter and calved in monsoon and autumn. Cervicitis and irregular heat were the most reproductive problems followed by metritis, case of abortion, anestrous and repeat breeding. From this study it was observed that the reproductive performance of gayal is very close with the domestic cattle. It may use as beef cattle for the hilly regions of Bangladesh.


  1. Das, S. C., U. J. Ahmed and M. G. S. Alam. 1990-93. Conception rate in Zebu cows with frozen Sahiwal semen. Bang. Vet. J. Vol. 24-26.
  2. Huque, K. S. and M. Giasuddin. 1998. Development of beef cattle breed using gayal. Progress report. Animal Production Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka.
  3. Huque, K. S., M. M. Rahman and M. A. Jalil. 2001. Study on the growth pattern of gayal (Bos frontalis) and their Crossbred calves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(9):1245-1249.
  4. Jochle, W. 1972. Seasonal fluctuation of reproductive functions in Zebu Cattle. Indian J. Biomet. 16:131-144.
  5. Khan, A. A. 1990. A comparative study on the reproductive efficiency of native and crossbred cows. M S. Thesis. Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh.
  6. Majid, M. A., T. N. Nahar, A. I. Talukder and M. A. Rahman. 1995. Reproductive performance of pure breeds F1, F2 and F3 cows raised in Savar Dairy Farm. Bang. J. Livestock Res. 1-5(2):53-62.
  7. Tint, T. 1993. Utilization of indigenous animal species in Myanmar. Asian Livestock. Vol. XVIII No. 10. pp. 115-119.
  8. Scheurmann, E. 1975. Beobachtungen, Zur Fortpftonxung des Gayal, Bibos focontatis lambert 1937. In: Z. F. Saugetierkd. 40,112.
  9. Sinoons, F. J. and Simoons. 1968. A ceremonial Ox of India. The Mithan in nature, Culture and History. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. Wisconsin, USA.
  10. Nahar, T. N., M. Islam and M. A. Hasnath. 1992. A comparative study on the performance of F1 crossbred cows under rural conditions. Asian- Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 5(3):435-438.
  11. Majid, M. A., M. M. Mia, A. I. Talukder and M. Giasuddin. 1995. Development of Gayal-Friesian breeding in Bangladesh. Progress report, Animal Production Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka-1341.
  12. Hossain, M. A. and S. F. Routledge. 1982. Performance of cross bred and local cattle under village condition in Pabna districts of Bangladesh. Proceeding of 'Maximum Livestock from minimum land' seminar. pp. 161-167.
  13. NRC. 1983. Little-known Asian animals with a promising economic feature, National Academy Press. Washington DC. pp. 21-26.
  14. Islam, M. N., M. M. Mia and M. M. Islam. 1993. Study on the production potentials of gayal in Bangladesh. Bang. J. Anim. Sci. 22(1-2):113-118.

Cited by

  1. Genome-wide Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Analyses Reveal Genetic Diversity and Structure of Wild and Domestic Cattle in Bangladesh vol.27, pp.10, 2014,
  2. Semi-domesticated and Irreplaceable Genetic Resource Gayal (Bos frontalis) Needs Effective Genetic Conservation in Bangladesh: A Review vol.27, pp.9, 2014,
  3. Complete mitochondrial genome of bovine species Gayal (Bos frontalis) pp.1877-7260, 2017,
  4. High-density Genotyping reveals Genomic Characterization, Population Structure and Genetic Diversity of Indian Mithun (Bos frontalis) vol.8, pp.1, 2018,