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Effect of Caecectomy on Body Weight Gain, Intestinal Characteristics and Enteric Gas Production in Goslings

  • Chen, Yieng-How (Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Tunghai University) ;
  • Wang, Shu-Yin (Department of Animal Science, Chinese Culture University) ;
  • Hsu, Jenn-Chung (Department of Animal Science, National Chung-Hsing University)
  • Received : 2002.11.18
  • Accepted : 2003.04.16
  • Published : 2003.07.01

Abstract

Two experiments of four-week duration were conducted to investigate the effect of caecectomy on the intestinal characteristics, body weight gain and gas production in the caeca of White Roman goslings. In experiment I, forty eight 2-wk-old female goslings with similar body weight were randomly divided into four treatments: sham (SHAM), left side caecum removed (LSCR), right side caecum removed (RSCR) and both caeca removed (CAECECTOMY). Smimilarly, experiment II was conducted with twelve 5-wkold male goslings in two treatments: SHAM and CAECECTOMY. Free choice water with ad libitum feed was provided during experiment. At the end of experiment I, goslings were sacrificed and gut length and weight were determined. At 7 and 9 wks of age, birds in experiment II were subjected to respiration calorimetry studies. In both experiments, final body weights were not affected by caecectomy. Results of experiment I indicated that caecectomy did not significantly affect the relative weight (g/100 g BW) of gizzard, small intestine, rectum and colon (p>0.05); however, the relative length of colon and rectum did increase (p<0.05). The remaining caecum did not show compensatory growth in both LSCR and RSCR treatments. In experiment II, results indicated that the average enteric methane production from the caecetomised goslings was significantly lower than that from the bird in SHAM goslings (p<0.05). In comparison with SHAM goslings, calorific loss from entric methane in caecetomised birds was lower (p<0.05). There was no effect of age on methane production. The enteric nitrous oxide production in caeca of goslings was very low with no significantly different between two treatments.

Keywords

Goslings;Caecectomy;Methane;Nitrous Oxide

Acknowledgement

Supported by : National Science Council (Taiwan)

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