DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effects of Vitamin A on Carcass Composition Concerning Younger Steer Fattening of Wagyu Cattle

  • Nade, T. ;
  • Hirabara, S. ;
  • Okumura, T. ;
  • Fujita, K.
  • Received : 2002.06.10
  • Accepted : 2002.11.07
  • Published : 2003.03.01

Abstract

Regarding the fattening of younger cattle that the Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) recommends in Japan, this study looked at vitamin A control in feed and blood and its effect on performance of production and carcass composition of Wagyu steers. Five sets from 10 Wagyu artificial identical twins were divided to into 2 groups, a restricted group (Test) and a supplied group (Control). The body weight at the finishing time of the Test was significantly lower than that of the Control (p<0.05). The daily gain from 13 to 21 months old, as the animals in the Test were fed the concentrated feed without Vitamin A, was significantly different (p<0.05) between the Test and the Control. The total daily gains for the Test and the Control for the fattening period were 0.82 kg/day and 0.93 kg/day, respectively, which showed a significant difference (p<0.01). Regarding the rib thickness, the Test was thinner than the Control. The Beef Marbling Scores of the Test and Control were 3.60 and 2.80, respectively. The muscle weight of the Test was significantly smaller than that of the Control (p<0.01). However, regarding the ratio to the carcass, the Test was significantly higher than the Control (p<0.05). For the fat weight, the Test was smaller by about 15 kg than the Control (p<0.01). Furthermore, for the fat ratio to the carcass, the Test was significantly lower than the Control (p<0.05). The bone weights of the two groups were approximately the same. Regarding the ratio of bone to carcass, the Test was higher than the Control (p<0.01). For the younger fattening method, the low level vitamin A in the serum had the effect that the muscle ratio to the carcass weight was greater and the fat was less, but the carcass and muscle weight were less.

Keywords

Wagyu;Younger Fattening;VA;Carcass Composition

References

  1. Aharoni, Y., E. Nachtoni, P. Holstein, A. Brosh, Z. Holzer and Z. Nitsan. 1995. Dietary effects on fat deposition and fatty acid profiles in muscle and fat depots of Friesian bull calves. J. Anim. Sci. 73:2712-2720. https://doi.org/10.2527/1995.7392712x
  2. Fukuhara, T., H. Tsuchiya, M. Nishino and T. Yamazaki. 1968. Studies on changes in body composition and carcass characters of beef cattle during fattening. Bulletin of the Chugoku Agricultural Experiment Station. 16:123-162.
  3. Iguchi, A., T. Ito, M. Kobayashi and H. Morinaga. 1992. Effect of calcium soaps of fatty acids supplementation on fattening and meat quality of Japanese Black${\times}$Holstein steers. Bulletin of the Chiba Prefectural Livestock. Experiment Station, 16:1-10.
  4. Torii, S., T. Kawada, K. Matsuda, T. Matsui, T. Ishihara and H. Yano. 1998. Thiazolidinedione induces the adipose differentiation of fibroblast - like cells resident within bovine skeletal muscle. Cell Biology International, 22:421-427 https://doi.org/10.1006/cbir.1998.0270
  5. Walter, J. J., G. Gerrits, Henk Tolman, Johan, W. Schrama, Seerp Tamminga, Marlou, W. Bosch, Martin and W. A. Verstegen. 1996. Effect of protein and protein-free energy Intake on protein and fat deposition rates in preruminant calves of 80 to 240 kg live weight, J. Anim. Sci. 74:2129-2139. https://doi.org/10.2527/1996.7492129x
  6. Zembayashi, M. 1994. Effects of nutritional planes and breeds on intramuscular-Lipid deposition in M. longissimus dorsi of steers. Meat Sci. 38:367-374. https://doi.org/10.1016/0309-1740(94)90063-9
  7. Japanese Feeding Standard for Beef Cattle, 1995. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Research Council Secretariat, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 27-28, Tokyo, Japan.
  8. Salakij, J., H. Yano, F. Yano, M. Kitagawa, T. Matsui, S. Torii and R. Kawashima. 1994. Vitamin A status of beef Cattle in Japan. Bulletin of Beef Cattle Science 57: 23-27.
  9. Torii, S., T. Matsui and H. Yano. 1996. Development of Intramuscular fat in Wagyu beef cattle depends on adipogenic or antiadipogenic substances present in serum. Anim. Sci. 63:73-78. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1357729800028307
  10. Brosh, A., Y. Aharoni, D. Levy and Z. Holzer. 1995. Effect of energy concentration and of age of Holstein-Friesian bull calves on growth rate, urea space and fat deposition, and ruminal volume. J. Anim. Sci. 73:1666-1673. https://doi.org/10.2527/1995.7361666x
  11. Kinoshita, M., K. Otake, T. Fujita, K. Shiga, K. Kimoto, M. Uchida and Y. Sasae. 1999. Manual of high quality beef production: Effect of Vitamin A on beef quality. Bulletin of the Oita Prefectural Animal Industry Experimental Station, 28:7-14.
  12. Hirooka, H. 1991. Evaluation of the experimental design with clonse of cattle. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Jpn.), 62:1104-1106.
  13. Kohlmeier, R. H. and W. Burroughs. 1970. Estimation of critical plasma and liver vitamin A levels in feedlot cattle with observations upon influences of body stores and dairy dietary requirements. J. Anim. Sci. 30:1012- 1018. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1970.3061012x
  14. Oka, A., T. Dohgo, M. Juen and T. Saito. 1998. Effects of Vitamin A on beef quality, weight gain, and serum concentrations of thyroid hormones, insulin-like growth factor-1, and insulin in Japanese Black steers. Anim. Sci. Technol. (Jpn), 69:90-99.
  15. Torii, S., T. Matsui, N. Kimura, T. Kawada and H. Yano. 1994. Assay of adipogenic activity in sera of fattening cattle. Bulletin of Beef Cattle Science, 58:28-33.
  16. Oka, A., Y. Maruo, T. Miki, T. Yamasaki and T. Saito. Influence of vitamin A on the quality of beef from the Tajima strain of Japanese Black Cattle. Meat Sci. 48:159-167.
  17. Hood, R, L. 1982. Relationships among growth, adipose cell size, and lipid metabolism in ruminant adipose tissue. Fed. Proc, 41(9):2555-2561.
  18. Miller, M. F., H. R. Cross, J. J. Wilson and S. B. Smith. 1989. Acute and longterm lipogenic response to insulin and clenbuterol in bovine intramuscular and subcutaneouse adipose tissue. J. Anim. Sci. 67:928-933. https://doi.org/10.2527/jas1989.674928x
  19. Hammond, J. 1932. Growth and development of mutton qualities in the sheep. Oliver & Boyd, London.
  20. JMGA, 1988. New beef carcass grading standards. Japan Meat Grading Association, Tokyo, Japan.

Cited by

  1. Effects of feeding different levels of concentrate on growth and carcass characteristics in younger Japanese Black cattle vol.76, pp.1, 2005, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1740-0929.2005.00236.x
  2. Beef quality traits of heifer in comparison with steer, bull and cow at various feeding environments vol.86, pp.1, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12266
  3. Retinoic acids change gene expression profiles of bovine intramuscular adipocyte differentiation, based on microarray analysis vol.86, pp.6, 2014, https://doi.org/10.1111/asj.12338
  4. in haemorrhagic enteritis in Japanese beef cattle vol.177, pp.8, 2015, https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.103237
  5. Intramuscular fat deposition in principal muscles from twenty-four to thirty months of age using identical twins of Japanese Black steers vol.85, pp.8, 2007, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2006-752
  6. Effects of vitamin A supplementation in young lambs on performance, serum lipid, and longissimus muscle lipid composition vol.85, pp.11, 2007, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2007-0176
  7. The effect of vitamin A supplementation on postnatal adipose tissue development of lambs1 vol.86, pp.12, 2008, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2008-0889
  8. Effect of dietary supplemental vitamin A concentration on performance, carcass merit, serum metabolites, and lipogenic enzyme activity in yearling beef steers123 vol.88, pp.4, 2010, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2009-2313
  9. Genetic parameters of serum vitamin A and total cholesterol concentrations and the genetic relationships with carcass traits in an F1 cross between Japanese Black sires and Holstein dams vol.89, pp.4, 2011, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2010-2872
  10. Effect of ursodeoxycholic acid supplementation on growth, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of Wagyu heifers (Japanese Black cattle) vol.89, pp.12, 2011, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2011-4211
  11. Investigation of blood biomarkers related to meat quality and quantity in Hanwoo steers vol.31, pp.12, 2018, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.18.0191
  12. Factors affecting carcass composition and simple technique for the evaluation of carcass composition in Japanese Black cattle vol.79, pp.4, 2008, https://doi.org/10.2508/chikusan.79.459
  13. Relationship between presence and absence of SHIKORI beef checked by the grading examination or the cutting examination and the blood property in Holstein fatting steers at shipping vol.80, pp.3, 2009, https://doi.org/10.2508/chikusan.80.341

Acknowledgement

Supported by : Osaka Prefectural Agricultural and Forestry Research Center