Physical Feature, Physiological Character and Behavior Study of Gayal(Bos frontalis)

  • Giasuddin, M. (Animal Health Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Islam, M.R. (Animal Health Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute)
  • Received : 2002.03.14
  • Accepted : 2003.07.03
  • Published : 2003.11.01


The physical feature, physiological character and behavior studies were conducted with fifteen newly collected gayals in Bandarban hill tract area of Bangladesh. Their morphology is different from domestic cattle. The range of pulse rate, body temperature and respiration rate were 47 to 75 per minute, 37.78 to $38.88^{\circ}C$ and 20 to 40 per minute, respectively. These physiological values vary with different age group and seasonal variation. In hematological feature, the average findings were RBC $7.01{\pm}0.52$ million/, WBC $14.3{\pm}3.69$ thousand/, hemoglobin concentration $9.81{\pm}2.25gm%$, PCV $35.86{\pm}3.68%$. In differential WBC count neutrophils $28.23{\pm}1.75%$, lymphocytes $62{\pm}2.05%$, monocytes $4.4{\pm}1.34%$, eosinophils $5{\pm}2.49%$ and basophils $0.4{\pm}0.51%$. In behavior study, the animal shows browsing nature on hill slopes. They are watchful in new environment, become excited and nervous with strangers. Heated female gayals response for mating with domestic bull.


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