DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Physical Feature, Physiological Character and Behavior Study of Gayal(Bos frontalis)

  • Giasuddin, M. (Animal Health Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Islam, M.R. (Animal Health Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute)
  • Received : 2002.03.14
  • Accepted : 2003.07.03
  • Published : 2003.11.01

Abstract

The physical feature, physiological character and behavior studies were conducted with fifteen newly collected gayals in Bandarban hill tract area of Bangladesh. Their morphology is different from domestic cattle. The range of pulse rate, body temperature and respiration rate were 47 to 75 per minute, 37.78 to $38.88^{\circ}C$ and 20 to 40 per minute, respectively. These physiological values vary with different age group and seasonal variation. In hematological feature, the average findings were RBC $7.01{\pm}0.52$ million/cu.mm, WBC $14.3{\pm}3.69$ thousand/cu.mm, hemoglobin concentration $9.81{\pm}2.25gm%$, PCV $35.86{\pm}3.68%$. In differential WBC count neutrophils $28.23{\pm}1.75%$, lymphocytes $62{\pm}2.05%$, monocytes $4.4{\pm}1.34%$, eosinophils $5{\pm}2.49%$ and basophils $0.4{\pm}0.51%$. In behavior study, the animal shows browsing nature on hill slopes. They are watchful in new environment, become excited and nervous with strangers. Heated female gayals response for mating with domestic bull.

Keywords

Physical Feature;Physiological Character;Behavior;Gayal

References

  1. Baur, J. D., P. C. Ackerman and G. Toro. 1974. Clinical laboratory methods. Eighth edition, the C. V. Mosby Co. Saint Louis.
  2. Radostits, O. M., D. C. Blood and C. C. Gay. 1995. Veterinary Medicine: A textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pig, goats and horses. Eighth edition. Bailliere Tindal, London.
  3. Ahmad, A., S. U. Ahmed and M. A. Maleque. 1968. Some hematological values for the Pabna cattle. Pakistan Journal of Veterinary Science. 2(1):41-43.
  4. Coles, E. H. 1980. Veterinary clinical pathology. Third edition. W. B. Saunders Co. London.
  5. Huque, K. S., M. M. Rahman and M. A. Jalil. 2001. Study on the growth pattern of Gayal (Bos frontalis) and their crossbred calves. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci. 14(9):1245-1249.
  6. Samad, M. A. 1996. Animal Husbandry and Medicine. Lyric-Epic Prokasoni, Bangladesh.
  7. Majid, M. A., M. M. Mia and A. I. Talukder. 1995. Development of Gayal-Friesian breeding in Bangladesh. Progress report, Animal Production Research Division, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka.
  8. Faiz, M. A. 1968. Gyal in Chittagong hill tracts. Pakistan journal of veterinary science. 2(1): 7-11.
  9. Tint, T. 1993. Utilization of indigenous animal species in Myanmar. Asian Livestock. Vol. XVIII No. 10. pp. 115-119.
  10. Simoons, F. J. and Simoons. 1968. A ceremonial Ox of India. The Mithan in nature, culture and history. The University of Wisconsin Press, Madison. Wisconsin, USA.

Cited by

  1. Nucleotide diversity of the melanocortin 1 receptor gene (MC1R) in the gayal (Bos frontalis) vol.39, pp.7, 2012, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11033-012-1559-2
  2. Semi-domesticated and Irreplaceable Genetic Resource Gayal (Bos frontalis) Needs Effective Genetic Conservation in Bangladesh: A Review vol.27, pp.9, 2014, https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas.2014.14159