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A Generic Time-resolved Fluorescence Assay for Serine/threonine Kinase Activity: Application to Cdc7/Dbf4

  • Xu, Kui (Roche Research Center, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.) ;
  • Stern, Alvin S. (Roche Research Center, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.) ;
  • Levin, Wayne (Roche Research Center, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.) ;
  • Chua, Anne (Roche Research Center, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.) ;
  • Vassilev, Lyubomir T. (Roche Research Center, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.)
  • Received : 2003.03.04
  • Accepted : 2003.03.10
  • Published : 2003.07.31

Abstract

The serine/threonine protein kinase family is a large and diverse group of enzymes that are involved in the regulation of multiple cellular pathways. Elevated kinase activity has been implicated in many diseases and frequently targeted for the development of pharmacological inhibitors. Therefore, non-radioactive antibody-based kinase assays that allow high throughput screening of compound libraries have been developed. However, they require a generation of antibodies against the phosphorylated form of a specific substrate. We report here a time-resolved fluorescence assay platform that utilizes a commercially-available generic anti-phosphothreonine antibody and permits assaying kinases that are able to phosporylate threonin residues on protein substrates. Using this approach, we developed an assay for Cdc7/Dbf4 kinase activity, determined the $K_m$ for ATP, and identified rottlerin as a non-ATP competitive inhibitor of this enzyme.

Keywords

Cdc7;MCM2;Rottlerin;Serine/threonine kinase;Time-resolved fluorescence

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