The Role of Social Safety Net in Divorce and Separation : Social Safety Net in the U.S. and Implications for Korea

이혼 및 별거(가족해체)로 인한 모자가정의 빈곤화와 사회안전망의 역할 : 미국의 사회안전망의 대응과 한국적 함의

  • Published : 2003.05.31

Abstract

In the context of dramatic change in the formation of the Korean family, this study attempts to examine the role of social safety net in family disruption. This study selected 366 individuals who experienced family disruption, mainly divorce and separation, using the 1996 Panel of Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Methodologically, due to the absence of proper longitudinal data in korea for the purpose of this study, the study analyzed the SIPP and attempted to provide policy implications for Korea. Findings of the current study confirmed that women with children experienced severe economic decline upon family disruption. American social safety net was insufficient to protect mother with children from poverty. Findings imply that Korea needs to develop public policies to protect mother-only-families, who experienced family disruption, from poverty. Expanding and reforming the eligibility of public assistance can be an important policy recommendation. A strong guideline for awarding child support, an active labor market policy, and EITC may have a positive effect on increasing the income of mother-only-families.

Keywords

family disruption;divorce;separation;social safety net