Relationships among Personality Preferences, Dietary Habit and Nutrient Intake of University Students

대학생들의 성격 유형과 식습관 및 영잉소섭취실태와의 관련성

  • Published : 2003.10.30

Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the relationships among personality preferences, dietary habit and nutrient intake of University students (n=283). Mean dietary habit score was similar between sexes and was 46.1/100 in male students and 45.1/100 in female students. Average energy intake of male students was 2,019 kcal (80.8% of RDA) and that of female students was 1,675 kcal (83.7%). Male students were taking less than 90% of RDA in calcium and vitamin $B_2$ and female students were taking less than 90% of RDA in calcium, iron, vitamin C, and vitamin A. Students preferring Judgment had significantly higher dietary habit score than students preferring Perception. Extraversion had higher nutrient intake than Introversion both in male and female students. Male students preferring Feeling had also higher nutrient intake than students preferring Thinking. Nutrient density per 1,000 kcal was higher in Thinking and Judgment than Feeling and Perception. In conclusion, students preferring Judgment and Extraversion have better dietary habit and nutrient intake than those preferring Perception and Introversion. More studies are necessary between personality preferences and dietary behavior to contribute to effective nutrition education and counseling.

Keywords

personality preferences;dietary habit;nutrient intake;university students

References

  1. Lee KW, Lee YM. Nutritional knowledge, attitude and behavior of college students in Seoul and Kyunggido area. Korean J Diet Culture 10(2): 125-132, 1995
  2. Kim K, Lee MJ, Kim JH, Shim YH. A study on weight control attempt and related factors among college female students. Korean J Comm Nutr 3(1): 21-33, 1998
  3. Hertzler AA, Frary BB. Family factors and fat comsumption of college students. J Am Diet Assoc 96: 711-714, 1996 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(96)00195-2
  4. Homer TN, Utermohlen V.A multivariate analysis of psychological factors related to body mass index and eating preoccupation in female college students. J Am ColI Nutr 12: 459-465, 1993 https://doi.org/10.1080/07315724.1993.10718336
  5. Hjordis B, Gunnar E, Daisy S. Personality traits related to eating behavior and weight loss in a group of severely obese patients. Int J Eat Disord 8: 315-323,1989
  6. Sitton SC, Weber MS. Diet types: relation of personality to approaches to dieting. Psychol Rep 61: 923-926, 1987 https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.1987.61.3.923
  7. Kim HYP. A study on dietary behavior of university students majoring in judo. Korean J Diet Culture 10(5): 449-455, 1995
  8. Brevard PB, Ricketts CD. Residence of college students affects dietary intake, physical activity, and serum lipid levels. J Am Diet Assoc 96: 35-38, 1996 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(96)00011-9
  9. Fox EA, Young Roberts D. Personality-focused learning environments: learning preferences of students in dietetics and restaurant, hotel/institution management programs. J Am Diet Assoc 93: 182-184, 1993 https://doi.org/10.1016/0002-8223(93)90838-C
  10. Yoon GA. Contribution of food behavior and psychological factor to perceived tiredness in adolescents. Korean J Nutr 34(1): 89-97, 2001
  11. Kim JT, Shim HS, Je SB. Development and use of MBTI. Korean Psychological Test Institute. 1995
  12. Song YS. The effect of nutrition course on the nutrition knowledge and food habits in college students. Korean J Nutr 19(6): 420-426, 1986
  13. Lee YN, Choi H. A study on the relationship between body mass index and the food habits of college students. Korean J Diet Culture 9(1): 1-10, 1994
  14. Ryu HK. A survey of adolescents' concern and perception about body image. Korean J Comm Nutr 2(2): 197-205, 1997
  15. Kim JH, Lee MJ, Yang IS, Moon SJ. Analysis of factors affecting Korean eating behavior. Korean J Diet Culture 7(1): 1-8,1992
  16. Kim BS, Lee YE. College students' dietary and health behaviors related to their Myers-BriggsType Indicator personality Preferences. Korean J Comm Nutr 7(1): 32-44, 2002
  17. Park YS, Lee YW, Choi KS. Objectivity of selfevaluated obesity and attitude toward weight control among college students. Korean J Diet Culture 10(5): 367-375, 1995
  18. Kim KN, Lee KS. Nutrition knowledge, dietary attitudes, and food behaviors of college students. Korean J Comm Nutr 1(1): 89-99, 1996
  19. Park HS, Lee HO, Sung CJ. Body image, eating problems and dietary intakes among female college students in urban area of Korea. Korean J Comm Nutr 2(4): 505-514, 1997
  20. Horacek, TM, Betts NM. College students' dietary intake and quality according to their Myers Briggs Type Indicator personality preferences. J Nutr Edu 30: 387-395, 1998 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3182(98)70361-9
  21. Anchors S, Dana R. Type and substance abuse in college age students. J Psychol Type 17: 26-30, 1989
  22. Myers IB, McCaulley MH. Manual: a guide to the development and use of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1985
  23. Choi HJ, Jun YS, Park MK, Choi MK. The effect of daytime jobs on the dietary behaviors and nutrient intakes among evening class university students. Korean J Comm Nutr 4(2): 175-185, 1999
  24. Betts NM, Amos RJ, Keim K, Peters P, Stewart B. Ways young adults view food. N Nutr Educ 29: 73-39, 1997 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3182(97)70158-4
  25. Lyu ES. A study on dietary behaviors of college students in Pusan. Korean J Diet Culture 8(1): 43-54, 1993
  26. Hertzler AA, Frary RB. Dietary status and eating out practices of college students. J Am Diet Assoc 92: 867-869,1992
  27. Seymour M, Hoerr SL, Huang YL. Inappropriate dieting behaviors and related lifestyle factors in young adults: are college students different? J Nutr Educ 29: 21-26, 1997 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3182(97)70142-0
  28. Won HR. A study of the relationship between the eating attitude influenced by eating disorder and body shape, nutritional knowledge among female college students in Won Ju province. Korean J Comm Nutr 3(2): 308-316, 1998