벼의 종실 발육단계에 따른 주간 및 야간 HTO 증기 피폭시 TFWT 및 OBT 농도

TFWT and OBT Concentrations in Rice Plants Exposed to HTO Vapor during Daytime and Nighttime at Different Seed-Developing Stages

  • 발행 : 2003.03.30

초록

벼를 쌀알의 발육단계별로 주간 및 야간에 1 시간 동안 HTO 증기에 피폭시키고 작물체 부위별로 조직자유수 $^3H$ (TFWT) 및 유기결합형 $^3H$ (OBT) 농도를 조사하였다. 피폭종료 직후$(h_0)$ 잎의 TFWT 농도는 주간실험에서는 공기수분중 1 시간 평균 HTO 농도의 100% 내외였으나 야간실험에서는 $30{\sim}40%$에 불과하였다. 주 야간 피폭 모두 TFWT 농도는 초기에는 급히 감소하다가 나중에는 훨씬 천천히 감소하였고 수확시에는 $h_0$에 비해 수백${\sim}$수만 배 낮았다. OBT 농도는 부위 및 피폭시기에 따라 변화양상이 달랐고 $h_0$와 수확시 간 차이는 대체로 10 배 이내였다. 야간피폭 중에도 주간피폭의 약 1/3 수준으로 OBT가 생성되었다. 공기중 HTO의 수확시 쌀알내 OBT로의 전환 정도는 주간피폭시 야간피폭보다 수 배 높았고 주 야간 피폭 모두 쌀알의 발육 최성기 피폭시에 가장 높았다. 벼가 쌀알의 발육기에 HTO에 피폭되면 OBT에 의한 섭취피폭선량이 TFWT보다 훨씬 클 것으로 추정되었다.

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