TFWT and OBT Concentrations in Rice Plants Exposed to HTO Vapor during Daytime and Nighttime at Different Seed-Developing Stages

벼의 종실 발육단계에 따른 주간 및 야간 HTO 증기 피폭시 TFWT 및 OBT 농도

  • Published : 2003.03.30


Rice plants at different seed-developing stages were exposed to HTO vapor in an exposure box for 1 h during daytime and nighttime to investigate the levels of tissue free water $^3H$ (TFWT) and organically bound $^3H$ (OBT) in different plant parts. In the daytime experiment, TFWT concentrations in leaves at the end of exposure $(h_0)$ were around 100% of the 1 hour mean HTO concentrations in air moisture whereas in the nighttime experiment, they were as low as $30{\sim}40%$ of the air concentration. TFWT concentrations in both experiments decreased very rapidly in the beginning but much mote slowly later and those at harvest were hundreds to hundred thousands times lower than those at $h_0$. OBT concentrations varied with time in different manners depending on plant parts and exposure times and differed between at $h_0$ and at harvest by factors of less than 10 on the whole. Even during nighttime exposures, OBT was produced at about a third the rate for daytime exposures. The degree of the conversion of airborne HTO into OBT in mature rice seeds, being several times higher in the daytime experiment than in the nighttime experiment, was highest after the exposure peformed at the most actively seed-developing stage for both experiments. It is estimated that OBT would contribute much more to the ingestion radiation dose than TFWT if rice plants are exposed to HTO vapor for the seed-developing period.

벼를 쌀알의 발육단계별로 주간 및 야간에 1 시간 동안 HTO 증기에 피폭시키고 작물체 부위별로 조직자유수 $^3H$ (TFWT) 및 유기결합형 $^3H$ (OBT) 농도를 조사하였다. 피폭종료 직후$(h_0)$ 잎의 TFWT 농도는 주간실험에서는 공기수분중 1 시간 평균 HTO 농도의 100% 내외였으나 야간실험에서는 $30{\sim}40%$에 불과하였다. 주 야간 피폭 모두 TFWT 농도는 초기에는 급히 감소하다가 나중에는 훨씬 천천히 감소하였고 수확시에는 $h_0$에 비해 수백${\sim}$수만 배 낮았다. OBT 농도는 부위 및 피폭시기에 따라 변화양상이 달랐고 $h_0$와 수확시 간 차이는 대체로 10 배 이내였다. 야간피폭 중에도 주간피폭의 약 1/3 수준으로 OBT가 생성되었다. 공기중 HTO의 수확시 쌀알내 OBT로의 전환 정도는 주간피폭시 야간피폭보다 수 배 높았고 주 야간 피폭 모두 쌀알의 발육 최성기 피폭시에 가장 높았다. 벼가 쌀알의 발육기에 HTO에 피폭되면 OBT에 의한 섭취피폭선량이 TFWT보다 훨씬 클 것으로 추정되었다.


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