A Survey on doing Weaning Activities of First-time Mother

초산모의 이유실천에 관한 조사연구

  • Jang In-Sun (Dep. of Nursing Konkuk UniversityㆍShinheung University) ;
  • June Kyung-Ja (Dep. of Nursing, Sooncheonhyang University) ;
  • Park Eun-Ok (Dep. of Nursing, Cheju National University) ;
  • Lee Kun-Sei (Dep. of Preventive Medicine, Konkuk University)
  • 장인순 (건국대학교, 신흥대학) ;
  • 전경자 (천향대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 박은옥 (제주대학교 의과대학 간호학과) ;
  • 이건세 (건국대학교 의과대학)
  • Published : 2002.01.01

Abstract

It is an important task to give adequate nutritions to infants and to wean properly for rapid growth. This study was conducted to survey on doing the weaning activities of the first-time mother. This study was to provide basic data of health teaching and nursing intervention for the promotion of ideal weaning activities. Survey was done from January to February in 2001. Total 444 mothers who have first-time baby under twelve month old were interviewed in five community health center around contry (Seoul, Choung-ju, Asan, Cheon-an, Jeju). The results are summarized as follows; Starting time of weaning was common in four month old(40.4%). Most common daily weaning times by age showed once(under 3 months), twice(4 to 7 months), three times(8 to 12 months). The younger, the more commercial weaning products(p<0.01). Education level showed relatively positive relation with home-made weaning food(p<0.05). Items showed low scores in 4 to 7 months group were starting new food item, waiting at least one week interval to new food, feeding by milk bottle, allowing grasping spoon, consulting pediatrician for problems after weaning, starting from morning, regular schedule. Items showed low scores in 8 to 12 months group were feeding whole egg rather than yolk only up to 12 months, keeping weaning interval were increased, feeding by milk bottle, trying various cooking method, not giving commerical cooking and instant food and unproper raw milk feeding. In weaning activities by general factors, mother age, health status, marriage duration, monthly income were statistically significant (p<0.05). To improve good weening activities, targetting on low maternal age and poor health status, and low income group, developing teaching materials and training program for items showed low scores and proper weaning time, type of easy home-made food and easy cooking method should be provided. Further study on effect of nursing intervention to improve weaning activities are needed.