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The Effect of Feed Additives Supplement on Prerpartum and Postpartum Feed Intake, Milk Production and Metabolic Disorders of Dairy Cows

전환기 젖소의 사료첨가제 급여가 사료섭취량, 산유량 및 대사성장애 발생에 미치는 영향

  • Kim, H.S. (National Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Jung, H.Y. (National Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, H.J. (National Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Ki, K.S. (National Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Cho, Y.M. (National Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Ahn, B.S. (National Livestock Research Institute) ;
  • Lee, S.S. (Gyeongsang National University)
  • Published : 2002.10.31

Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate a feed additives used mainly in lactating cow diets in transient pregrent cow diets. The study was conducted as a completely randomized design with forty Holstein pregnant cows to determine the effect of feeding Aspergillus oryzae(T2), Saccharomyces cerevisiae mixture(T3) and enzyme(cellulase, xylanase) - releasing chemicals(ERC) (T4) on the dry matter intake, milk yield, milk composition and metabolic disorders. Dry matter intake was similar among treatments for 3 weeks prepartum but cows fed enzyme tended to increased feed intake compared to no additives treatment both in calving day and for 3 weeks postpartum. Cows fed Aspergillus oryzae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and ERC produced more milk than those fed no additives. However, there is no significant difference among treatments. Concentration of glucose was not significantly different among treatment prepartum but that in plasma of cows fed ERC was higher at calving and 3 weeks postpartum compared to others. Increase in NEFA began at 3 weeks prepartum and accelerate during the final 7 days before calving at all treatments but lower for ERC-treated cows at calving and 3 weeks postpartum. Ca concentration not different among treatment prepartum and postpartum. Corticoid content decreased significantly for cows fed ERC compared to those fed non-additives. Metabolic disorder was not occurred in cows fed ERC. However, ketosis and displased abomasum were happened 1 cow when fed non-additives, metritis 1 cow when fed Aspergillus oryzae and retained placenta 1 cow in all treatments except cows fed ERC.

Keywords

Feed additives;Pregnant Holstein cows;DMI;Milk yield;Metabolic disorder

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