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Effect of Hwangto, Illite, Oligosacharides, Charcoal powder and Chromium picolinate on the Growth Performance and Immunity in Eary Weaned Hanwoo Calves

한우 수송아지에 대한 황토, 일라이트, 올리고당, 활성탄 및 크롬 급여가 성장발육 및 면역기능에 미치는 영향

  • Kang, S.W. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A.) ;
  • Cho, C.Y. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A.) ;
  • Kim, J.S. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A.) ;
  • Ahn, B.S. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A.) ;
  • Chung, H.Y. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A.) ;
  • Seo, K.H. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A.)
  • 강수원 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 조창연 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 김준식 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 안병석 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 정하연 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 서국현 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소)
  • Published : 2002.10.31

Abstract

This study was conducted to examine the effect of Hwangto, Illite, and any other disease resistant materials as dietary supplements on the growth performance and immunity for growing period with 30 Hanwoo male calves weaned 75days in age. Feeding trial was conducted with 6 treatments(five heads/treatment), which were T1(Control), T2(Control + 2% Hwangto), T3(Control + 2% Illite), T4(Control + 0.04% Oligosacharides), T5(Control + 2% Charcoal powder) and T6(Control + 0.1% Chromium picolinate) for 120 days from three to seven months in age. The results obtained are summarized as follows; During the experimental period, average daily gains were 0.82 to 0.92kg, and were high in the order of T3, T6, T4, T5, T2 and T1. Especially the growth rate of calves for growing period was higher in Illite, chromium-picolinate and oligo- sacharides feeding groups than in any other groups. Average daily intakes and intake ratio to body weight of concentrates for 120days were 3.91 to 4.15kg(average 4.03kg) and 3.10 to 3.31% (average 3.21%), respectively. TDN intakes per kilogram gains were 3.20 to 3.57kg(average 3.35kg) and were smaller in the order of T5, T3, T6, T4, T2 and T1, respectively. Density of IgG in serum of calves measured by the IgG SDID Kit was 10.2 to 11.6mg/$m\ell$, and especially increase rate of IgG for experimental period was high in T3 and T5 by 6.9 and 2.8%, respectively. But incidence of disease was not found to be different by treatments. According to the above results it may be concluded that Illite is a sort of clay minerals increased the growth rate, feed efficiency and immunity of early weaned calves for growing period, but was not in unprocessed Hwangto.

Keywords

Hanwoo calves;Hwangto;Illite;Growth performance;Immunity

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