DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Influence of Probiotics Supplementation on Egg Quality and Excretal Noxious Gas in Laying Hens

산란계에 있어 생균제의 첨가가 계란품질 및 배설물내 유해가스 함량에 미치는 영향

  • Hong, J.W. (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Kim, I.H. (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Kwon, O.S. (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University) ;
  • Han, Y.K. (National Agricultural Co-operative Federations) ;
  • Lee, S.H. (Department of Animal Resource and Science, Dankook University)
  • 홍종욱 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 김인호 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 권오석 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과) ;
  • 한영근 (농협중앙회) ;
  • 이상환 (단국대학교 동물자원과학과)
  • Published : 2002.04.30

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the effects of feeding probiotics on the egg quality and excretal noxious gas in laying hens. One hundred forty four, 36 weeks old ISA brown commercial layer, were employed in a 28 d feeding trial with a 7 d adjustment period. Dietary treatments are 1) control(basal diet), 2) PB0.3(basal diet+0.3% probiotics), 2) PB0.6(basal diet+0.6% probiotics). For overall period, hen-day egg production, egg weight and egg shell breaking strength tended to increase (P>0.05) by dietary probiotic supplementation. Egg shell thickness was improved by supplementation of probiotics(linear effect, P$<$0.01). Diets PB0.3 and PB0.6 improved the yolk color compared to control diet(linear effect, P$<$0.02). As supplementation level of probiotics increased in the diets, egg yolk index tended to increase(linear effect, P$<$0.04). $NH_3$-N concentration in excreta fed PB0.6 diet was significantly (P$<$0.04) lower than either control or PB0.3 diet. In conclusion, supplementing probiotics to a Corn-SBM diet for laying hens increased egg shell thickness, yolk color and decreased egg yolk index, and decreased excretal $NH_3$-N concentration.

Keywords

Probiotics;Egg quality;Excretal NH$_3$-N

References

  1. Abdulrahim, S. M., Haddadin, S. Y., Hashlamoun, E. A. and Robinson, R. K. 1996. The influence of Lactobacillus acidophilus and bacitracin on layer performance of chickens and cholesterol content of plasma and egg yolk. Br. Poult. Sci. 37:341-346. https://doi.org/10.1080/00071669608417865
  2. AOAC. 1995. Official method of analysis. 16th Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, D. C.
  3. Bailey, J. S. 1987. Factors affection microbial competitive exclusion in poultry. Food Technol. July:88-92.
  4. Chaney, A. L. and Marbach, E. P. 1962. Modified regents for determination of urea and ammonia. Clin. Chem. 8:131.
  5. Coates, M. E. and Fuller, R. 1977. The gnotobiotics animal in the study of gut microbiology. In: Clarke RTJ and Bauchop T(Eds.). Microbial ecology of the gut. Academic Press. London. p. 311-346.
  6. Collins, E. B. and Aramaki, K. 1980. Production of Hydrogen peroxide by Lactobacillus acidophilus. J. Dairy Sci. 63:353-357.
  7. Conway, P. L. and Kjelleberg, S. 1989. Protein- mediated adhesion of Lactobacillus fermentum strain 737 to mouse stomach squamous epithelium. J. Gen Microbiol. 135:1175-1186.
  8. Fuller, R. 1989. Probiotics in man and animals. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 66:365-378.
  9. Gilliland, S. E. and Kim, H. S. 1984. Effect of viable starter culture bacteria in yogurt on lactose utilization in humans. J. Dairy Sci. 67:1-6. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.S0022-0302(84)81260-6
  10. Goodling, A. C., Cerniglia, G. J. and Hebert, J. A. 1987. Production performance of White Leghorn layers fed Lactobacillus fermentation products. Poult. Sci. 66:480-486.
  11. Michael, J. P. 1997. Vermiculite U.S. Geological survey mineral information. p. 1.
  12. Headon, D. R. and Walsh, G. 1994. Biological control of pollutants Principle of pig science. In: Cole, D. J. A., Wiseman, J. and Varley, M. A. (Eds.). Nottingham University Press. p. 375-384.
  13. Jin, L. Z., Ho, Y. W., Abdullah, N. and Jalaludin, S. 1997. Probiotics in poultry: modes of action. World’s Poult. Sci. J. 53:351-368.
  14. Lin, H. C. and Visek, W. J., 1991. Colon mucosal cell damage by ammonia in rats. J. Nutr. 121:887-893.
  15. Mohan, B., Kadirvel, R., Bhaskaran, M. and Natarajan, A. 1995. Effect of probiotic supplementation on serum/yolk cholesterol and on egg shell thickness in layers. Br. Poult. Sci. 36:799-803.
  16. Mumpton, F. A. and Fishman, P. H. 1977. The applicatopn of natural zeolites in animal and aquireculture. J. Anim. Sci. 45:1188-1203.
  17. Nahashon, S. N., Nakaue, H. S. and Mirosh, L. W. 1992. Effect of direct-fed microbials on nutrient retention and production parameters of laying pullets. Poult. Sci. 71(Suppl.):111 (Abstr.).
  18. Nahashon, S. N., Nakaue, H. S. and Mirosh, L. W. 1993. Effect of direct-fed microbials on nutrient retention and productive parameters of Single Comb Leghorn pullets. Poult. Sci. 72 (Suppl.):87 (Abstr.).
  19. Nahashon, S. N., Nakaue, H. S. and Mirosh, L. W. 1994a. Phytase activity, phosphorus and calcium retention, and performance of single comb White Leghorn layers fed diets containing two levels of available phosphorus and supplemented with direct-fed microbials. Poult. Sci. 73:1552- 1562.
  20. Nahashon, S. N., Nakaue, H. S. and Mirosh, L. W. 1994b. Production variables and nutrient retention in single comb White Leghorn laying pullets fed diets supplemented with direct-fed microbials. Poult. Sci. 73:1699-1711.
  21. Nahashon, S. N., Nakaue, H. S., Snyder, S. P. and Mirosh, L. W. 1994c. Performance of single comb White Leghorn layers fed corn-soybean meal and barley-corn-soybean meal diets supplemented with a direct-fed microbial. Poult. Sci. 73: 1712-1723.
  22. Peterson, R. G. 1985. Design and analysis of experiments. Marcel dekkor, New Yolk.
  23. SAS. 1996. SAS user guide release 6.12 edition. SAS Inst. Inc. Cary. NC. USA.
  24. Sauter, E. A., Stadelman, W. J., Harns, V. and Mclaren, B. A. 1951. Methods for measuring yolk index. Poultry Sci 30:629-630.
  25. Tortuero, F. and Fernandez, E. 1995. Effects of inclusion of microbial cultures in barley-based fed to laying hens. Amin. Feed Sci. Tech. 53:255-265.
  26. Underdahl, N. R., Torres-Median, A. and Doster, A. R. 1982. Effect of Streptococcus faecium C-68 in the control of Escherichia coli-induced diarrhea in gnotobiotic pigs. J. Vet. Res 43:227.
  27. Wrong, O. M. 1981. Nitrogen compounds In: Wrong OM, Edmonds CJ and Chadwick VS (Eds.) The Large Intestine: Its Role in Mammalian Nitrogen and Homeostasis. John Wiley and Sons. New Yolk. p. 133.
  28. 김상호, 박수영, 유동조, 이상진, 강보석, 최철환, 류경선. 2000. 유산균의 첨가 급여가 산란 생산성, 소화기관 미생물 변화 및 계란 품질에 미치는 영향. 한국가금학회지. 27:235-242.
  29. 김재황, 김영민, 김삼철, 하홍민, 고영두, 김창현. 2001. 복합생균제(Economix)의 사료내 첨가가 육계의 생산성 및 계사내 유해가스 감소에 미치는 영향. 한국동물자원과학회지. 43:349-360.
  30. 류경선, 박홍석, 류명선, 박수영, 김상호, 송희종. 1999. 생균제의 급여가 산란계의 생산성과 장내 미생물의 변화에 미치는 영향. 한국가금학회지. 26:253-259.

Cited by

  1. Avaliação de probiótico na alimentação de poedeiras comerciais no segundo ciclo de postura vol.65, pp.1, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-09352013000100035
  2. Effect of Dietary Garlic-husk Probiotics on Laying Hens Performance and Egg Quality vol.49, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.14397/jals.2015.49.1.137