Effects of Chromium Picolinate on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Plasma Components in Holstein Bulls

홀스타인 수소에 있어서 Chromium Picolinate의 첨가가 성장성적, 혈액성상 및 도체품질에 미치는 영향

  • Hong, Z.S. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jin, M.G. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Jin, R.H. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Han, S.Y. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, H.G. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University) ;
  • Lee, H.J. (National Livestock Research Institute, R.D.A.) ;
  • Choi, Y.J. (School of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University)
  • 홍중산 (서울대학교 농생명공학부) ;
  • 김명국 (서울대학교 농생명공학부) ;
  • 김윤학 (서울대학교 농생명공학부) ;
  • 한승은 (서울대학교 농생명공학부) ;
  • 이홍구 (서울대학교 농생명공학부) ;
  • 이현준 (축산기술연구소) ;
  • 최윤재 (서울대학교 농생명공학부)
  • Published : 2002.08.31


We conducted two experiments to evaluate the effects of chromium picolinate(CrP) on growth performance, carcass characteristics and plasma components in Holstein bulls. In trial Ⅰ, eight finishing Holstein bulls(300${\pm}$6.99Kg) were allocated to 2 treatments(control and 0.05% CrP) with 4 replication for 10-months. In results, growth performance was not affected by CrP addition. The plasma insulin concentration in 0.05% CrP group was about 2 times higher than the control group of Holstein bulls. The levels of plasma NEFA were significantly decreased to 59.00 mEq/dl with 0.05% CrP treatment(P<0.05), but the levels of plasma glucose and PUN were not altered by 0.05% CrP treatment. The grade of carcass was not different between control and 0.05% CrP group, but back fat thickness in 0.05% CrP group was increased in 22.33% compared with control group. In trial 2, fifteen growing- finishing Holstein bulls(160${\pm}$4.63Kg) were allocated to 3 treatments(control, 0.025% CrP and 0.05% CrP) with 5 replication for 14-months. During the overall experimental period, growth performance was not affected by CrP levels. The levels of hormone and metabolites were not affected by CrP supplementa- tion. The carcass characteristics were not different between control and treatment. These results show that the CrP may have no effects for beef cattle production because of degradation of CrP conjugation in the rumen. However treatment of short term provide a possibility the effects of development for lipogenesis.


Beef cattle;Crp;Plasma components;Lipogenesis


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