Transmittance Characteristics by candlepower of Incandescent Lamp

백열등의 광력에 따른 수중 투과특성

  • 박성욱 (국립수산과학원) ;
  • 배봉성 (국립수산과학원) ;
  • 안희춘 (국립수산과학원) ;
  • 이정우 (국립수산과학원) ;
  • 서두옥 (제주대학교)
  • Published : 2002.11.01


The anchovy scoop net fishery is one of the important in the South sea and coastal of Jeju of Korea. They are using incandescent lamp as a fishing lamp at night to gather anchovy shoals in the water surface. Fishing lamp (AC 100 V 500 W$\times$2~3 or AC 100 V 1 ㎾$\times$1) was installed at 1 m ahead of the prow and 1.5 m height from the water surface. The fishing lamp let anchovy shoals rise to the water surface and are attracted to bag net. On this study, the distribution of submarine illumination of 1㎾ and 2 ㎾ incandescent lamp were analyzed and discussed to investigate the ability of fishing lamp which can gather anchovy shoals effectively. The submarine illumination of incandescent lamp showed peak in wave length 690 nm. The relationship between submarine illumination (L) and water depth (Z) of 1 ㎾ and 2 ㎾ incandescent lamp in vertical light is 1 ㎾ : L = 3851. 9 $e^{-1.4587Z}$ $R^2$=0.9952 2 ㎾ : L= 8211.9 $e^{-1.2852Z}$ $R^2$=0.9977 The submarine illumination of 2 ㎾ incandescent lamp of 0~4 m layers appeared to be 3 to 4 times higher than 1 ㎾ incandescent lamp, and in more deep layers than 6 m appeared to be equal value of each lamp. The light of incandescent lamp (1 ㎾) pass through much better into vertical direction than horizontal, and submarine illumination of 20 m layers was 1.0 l$\chi$. Therefore, fishing lamp power is thought that 1 ㎾ incandescent lamp is more efficient than 2 ㎾ to gather anchovy shoals in depth of 15~20 m to water surface.


anchovy scoop net fishery;fishing lamp;incandescent lamp


  1. Cho, K. D. and Yang, Y. R. (1985): Environment of the Purse-seiner Fishing Ground in the Tsushima Current, Bull. Korean Soc. Fish. Tech., 21(1), 41-61.
  2. Kusaka, T. (1959): Fish Gathering Effects and Submarine Illumination of the Incandescent and Fluorescent Mercuryvapour Lamps, Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 25(1), 17-21.
  3. An, H. C. and Choo, H. D. (1993) : Fishing Efficiency of Squid jigging in Relation to the Variation of Fishing Lamp Power, Bull. Nat. Fish. Dev. Inst., 48, 179 - 186.
  4. Park, S. W.(2001) : A Basic Study on the Labor-saving System for Anchovy Scoop Nets in the Coastal Area of jeju Island in Korea, Ph. D. thesis, Jeju Nat. Univ., 36-103.
  5. Choi, S. J., Arakawa, H. Y., Nakamura, Y. H. and Arimoto, T. F. (1996) : Transmittance Characteristics of Fishing Light According to the Optical Water type in the Squid Jigging Ground of the Sea of japan, Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 64(4), 650-657.
  6. Inoue, M. and Ogura, M.(1958): The Swimming Water Depth for Anchovy Shoals in Tokyo Bay, Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 24(5), 311-316.
  7. Sohn, T. J. (1988): Study on the Gathering Effects of Anchovy Scoop Net in the Neighboring Waters of the Jeju Island, Bull. Korean fish. Soc., 21(3), 184-192.
  8. Chang, S. D., Hong, S. U., Park, C. K., Chin, P., Lee, B. G., Lee, T. L., Kang, Y. J. and Gong, Y. (1980) : Studies on the Migration of Anchovy Engraulis japonica in Korean Waters, Publ. Inst. Mar. Sci. Nat. Univ. Pusan, 12, 1-38.
  9. Park, S. W., Bae, B. S., An, H. C. and Seo, D. O. (2001) : Transmittance Characteristics of Fishing Lamp in the Anchovy Scoop Fishery, Bull. Korean Soc. Fish. Tech., 37(2), 117-123.
  10. Park, S. W. (1986) : Phototaxis of Anchovy Aggregated by Fishing Lamp of Scoop net in the Surrounding Waters of Jeju Island, Master's thesis, jeju Nat. Univ., 1-37.
  11. Arakawa, H. Y., Choi, S. J., Arirnoto, T. F. and Nakamura, Y. H. (1996): Underwater Irradiance Distribution of Fishing Lights Used by Small-type Squid Jigging Boat, Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 62(3), 420-427.
  12. Hasegawa, E. and Kobayashi, H. (1990) : Retinomotor Response of the Fish Concentrated around an underwater Lamp, Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, 56(2), 367.
  13. Lee, B. G. (1974) : On the Vertical Distribution of Anchovy Engraulis japonica HOUTTCYN in the Vicinity of Chungrnu, Publ. Inst. Mar. Sci. Kat. Univ, Pusan, 14(1), 20-27.
  14. Kuroki, T. and Chuman, M. (1958) : An Example of Three-dimentional Records of Fish-school attracted by Underwater Lamps, Fac. Fish., Kagoshima Univ., 6, 77-81.

Cited by

  1. The study on the Anchovy's (Engraulis japonica) reaction to several light colors in a tank vol.47, pp.4, 2011,
  2. Effects of Using Far Infrared Ray (FIR) on Growth Performance, Noxious Gas Emission and Blood Biochemical Profiles in Broiler vol.42, pp.2, 2015,