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A study on the static stability of the otter board in relation to the angle of attack

영각의 변화에 대한 전개판의 정적 안정성 연구

  • Published : 2002.08.01

Abstract

The static stability of the otter board in relation to the angle of attack ($\alpha$) was studied analytically and experimentally from the moments of tensions and hydrodynamic force acting on it. Three flat plates of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 aspect ratios (λ) and four cambered plates of 5, 10, 15, and 20% camber ratios (CR) with the same aspect ratio (λ=1.5) were tested in a circulating water tank for measuring the hydrodynamic forces and moments relevant to the position of hydrodynamic center. And, center-of-pressure coefficients ($C_p$) and moment coefficients ($C_M$) of each plate as a function of the angle of attack were calculated for estimating the static stability from hydrodynamic forces. The obtained results are summarized as follows ; 1. When the angle of attack for otter board is changed from equilibrium for some reason, moments depending upon tensions of warp and sweep line always act in order to have the static stability, respectively. 2. Position of center-of-pressure of each flat plate moves from leading edge to center of plate with the increase of the angle of attack. It means that the moment of hydrodynamic force acting on flat plates also increases the static stability of plate. 3. With the increase of the angle of attack for cambered plates, the positions of center of-pressure move from trailing to leading edge, and then turn toward center of plate. As the camber ratios increase, the ranges of the angle of attack of the static un stability depending on moment of hydrodynamic force become wide.

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  1. An estimated angle of attack of a cambered otter board in a bottom trawl using three dimensional position vol.51, pp.1, 2015, https://doi.org/10.3796/KSFT.2015.51.1.026