Comparison of the Voice and Treatment Results after Laser Cordectomy or Radiotherapy on Tla Staged Glottic Cancer

Tla 병기의 성문암에 대한 레이저 절제술과 방사선 치료 비교

  • 남순열 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 이비인후과학교실) ;
  • 이윤세 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 이비인후과학교실) ;
  • 김찬종 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 이비인후과학교실) ;
  • 김종찬 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 이비인후과학교실) ;
  • 김범규 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 이비인후과학교실) ;
  • 김상윤 (울산대학교 의과대학 서울아산병원 이비인후과학교실)
  • Published : 2002.11.01

Abstract

Background and objectives : The various voice-conserving treatments are used for Tla staged glottic cancer. Especially, Tla staged glottic cancer has been shown excellent treatment result after laser cordectomy or radiotherapy. To evaluate which treatment results better voice after treatment made it valuable to define the exact indication and recommending treatment modality on the Tla staged glottic cancer patients. Method : The medical records of 75 patients with glottic TlaN0 cancer diagnosed at Asan medical center, University of Ulsan college of medicine form May, 1989 to July,2001 were retrospectively reviewed on the point of voice quality and oncology including 5-year survival rate and local control rate. Results : Laser cordectomy and radiotherapy showed 100% and 94.0% 5-year survival rate, respectively. And laser cordectomy had 94.3% local control rate while radiotherapy got 87.6% local control rate. Voice analysis of pretreatment and posttreatment were used to compare each result. Fundamental frequency(F0), shimmer, jitter, noise to harmony ratio(NHR), maximum confortable phonation time(MPT) and vocal efficiency(VE) were used for parameters for voice analysis. Only in shimmer and MPT, we could find significant posttreatment difference between two therapies. In addition, we reviewed the total expenses for each therapy. Conclusion : On the basis of the oncologic result, both the laser cordectomy and radiotherapy had the similar results. Laser cordectomy showed the relatively acceptable voice as radiotherapy did. Laser cordectomy cost less than radiotherapy did. Laser cordectomy can be used for treatment about Tla staged glottic cancer.