Some heavy metal concentration of surface sediments from the southwestern coast of Korea

서남해안 연근해저 퇴적물의 중금속 함량 및 분포

  • 전수경 (목포대학교 해양자원학과) ;
  • 조영길 (목포대학교 해양자원학과)
  • Published : 2002.12.01


Thirty sediment samples of the <63${\mu}{\textrm}{m}$ fraction collected from the southwestern coast of Korea were analysed for their heavy metal (Fe, Mn, Cr, Co, Cu, Ni, Zn and Pb) concentration. The results show that sediment texture plays a controlling role on the total metal concentrations and their spatial distribution. A single lM HCl extraction procedure was used in order to assess the environmental risk of heavy metals in bottom sediments. The non-residual fraction was the most abundant pool for Mn and Pb in most samples, which means that this metals are highly avaliable in these sediments. Cr, Ni, Fe, Co, Zn and Cu were mainly associated with the residual fraction, suggesting that their concentrations are controlled significantly by transport processes with the fine particles as carriers from diffuse pollution source. Concentration enrichment ratios(CER) were calculated from the non-residual contents and their values allowed us to classify the sediments according to their environmental risk.


  1. Forstner, U. and G.T.W. Wittmann, 1983, Metal pollution in the Aquatic Environment, Springer-Verlag, Belin. 486pp.
  2. Muller, G., 1979, Schwermetalle in den Sedimenten des Rheins, Veranderungen seit 1971, Umschau, 79, 778-783.
  3. Subramanian, V. and G. Mohanachandran, 1990, Heavy metals distribution and enrichment in the sediments of Southern East Coast of India, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 2, 324-330.
  4. 조영길, 이창복, 최만식, 1994, 남해 대륙붕 표층 퇴적물 중 중금속 원소의 분포특성, 한국해양학회지, 29, 338-356.
  5. McBride, E.F., 1971, Mathematical treatment of size distribution data, In: Procedures in Sedimentary Petrology edited by RE. Carver, Wiley- Interscience, 109-127pp.
  6. Szfer, P., G.P. Glasby, J. Pempkowiak, and R. Kaliszan, 1995, Extraction studies of heavy metal pollutants in surficial sediments from the southern Baltic Sea off Poland, Chem. Geol., 120, 111-126.
  7. Martin, J.M. and M. Whitfield, 1983, The significance of river input of chemical elements to the ocean, In: Trace Metals in Sea Water edited by C.S. Wang, E. Boyle, J.D. Burton and ED. Goldberg, Plenum, New York, 265-298pp.
  8. Wedepohl, K.H., 1969, Handbook of Geochemistry, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
  9. Sutherland, R.A., 2002, Comparison between non-residual Al, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn released by a three-step sequential extraction procedure and a dilute hydrochloric acid leach for soil and road deposited sediment, Applied Geochem., 17, 353-365.
  10. 김범수, 2001, 한반도 주변 연안 표층퇴적물의 중금속 오염평가, 서울대학교 박사학위논문, 178pp.
  11. 최만식, 정창식, 박계헌, 1994, 암석 용해방법에 따른 미량원소 분석결과 비교, 암석학회지, 3, 41-48.
  12. Lee, S.H. and K.W. Lee, 1983, Heavy metals in sediments from Iinhae bay, Korea, J. Oceanological Soc. Korea, 18, 49-54.
  13. Monna, F., J. Dominik, J. L. Loizeau, M. Pardos, and P. Arpagaus, 1999, Origin and evolution of Pb in sediments of lake Geneva (Switzerland-France), Establishing a stable Pb record, Environ. Sci. Technol., 33, 2850-2857.
  14. Hydrographic office, 1986, Technical reports, Pub. No. 1101.
  15. Hong, G.H., Y.A. Park, and K.W. Lee, 1983, Partitioning of heavy metals in sediments from Jinhae bay, Korea, J. Oceanological Soc. Korea, 18, 180-184.
  16. Hamelin, B., F. Grousset, and E.R. Sholkovitz, 1990, Pb isotopes in surficial pelagic sediments from the North Altantic, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 54, 37-47.
  17. Salomons, W. and U. Forstner, 1984, Metals in the Hydrocycle, Springer-Verlag, 349pp.
  18. Rubio, B., M.A. Nombela, and F. Vilas, 2000, Geochemistry of major and trace elements in sediments of the Ria de Vigo (NW Spain): an assessment of metal pollution, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 40, 968-980.
  19. Ng, A. and C.C. Patterson, 1982, Changes of lead and barium with time in California offshore basin sediments, Geochim. Costrnochim, Acta, 46, 2307-2321.
  20. Chester, R., 2000, Marine Geochemistry, Blackwell Science, 506pp.
  21. Sahu, K.C. and U. Bhosale, 1991, Heavy metal pollution around the island city of Bombay, India. Part I: quantification of heavy metal pollution of aquatic sediments and recognition of environmental discriminants, Chem. Geol., 91, 263-283.
  22. Sutherland, R.A., 2000, Bed sediment-associated trace metals in an urban stream, Oahu, Hawaii, Environ. Geol., 39, 611-627.
  23. Jung, H.S., C.B. Lee, Y.G. Cho, and J.K. Kang, 1996, A mechanism for the enrichment of Cu and depletion of Mn in anoxic marine sediment, Banweol intertidal flat, Mar. Pollution Bull., 32, 782-787.
  24. Folk, R.L. and W.C. Ward, 1957, Brazos river bar: A study in the significance of grain size parameters, J. Sed. Petrol., 27, 3-26.
  25. Quevauriller, P.H., M. Laduca, E. Barahona, G. Rauret, A. Ure, A. Gomez, and H. Muntau, 1996, Interlaboratory comparison of EDTA and DTPA procedures prior to certification of extracble trace elements in calcareous soil, Sci. Total. Env., 178, 127-132.
  26. Chester, R. and F.G. Voutsinou, 1981, The initial assessment of trace metal pollution in coastal sediment, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 12, 84-91.
  27. Horowitz, A. J., 1991, A Primer on Sediment-Trace Element Chemistry, Lewis Publishers, INC., 136pp.
  28. Folk, R.L., 1968, Petrology of Sedimentary Rock, Hemphills, 653pp.

Cited by

  1. Distribution of Organic Matters and Metallic Elements in the Surface Sediments of Masan Harbor, Korea vol.39, pp.2, 2006,
  2. Geochemical Characteristics of Intertidal Surface Sediments along the Southwestern Coast of Korea vol.43, pp.2, 2010,
  3. Assessment of the Pollution Levels of Organic Matter and Metallic Elements in the Intertidal Surface Sediments of Aphae Island vol.44, pp.6, 2011,
  4. Evaluation of Heavy Metal Contamination in Intertidal Surface Sediments of Coastal Islands in the Western Part of Jeollanam Province Using Geochemical Assessment Techniques vol.44, pp.6, 2011,
  5. Distributions of Organic Matter and Trace Metals in Intertidal Surface Sediment from the Mokpo-Haenam Coast vol.46, pp.4, 2013,
  6. Evaluation of Characteristics of Particle Composition and Pollution of Heavy Metals for Bottom Sediments in Cheonsu Bay, Korea -Comparison of the Sediments Environment of Farming Area and Non-farming Area vol.20, pp.4, 2014,