Purification and Characterization of a Maltopentaose-producing Amylase from Bacillus megaterium KSM B-404.

Bacillus megaterium KSM B-404으로부터 생산되는 Maltopentaose생성 Amylase의 정제 및 특성

  • Published : 2002.12.01

Abstract

An amylase that hydrolyzes starch into maltopentaose as a main product was found in the culture supernatant of a strain of Bacillus megaterium KSM B-404 isolated from local soil. The enzyme was purified 129-fold by ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-Toyopearl and Superdex 75 HR 10/30 column using a FPLC system. The molecular weight of the amylase was determined as about 68 kDa by using SDS-PAGE. Optimum pH and temperature of amylase were found to be $50^{\circ}C$ and pH 6.0~7.0, respectively. The enzyme was stable up to $60^{\circ}C$ by addition of $Ca^{2+}$ and its pH stability was in the range of 6.0~10.0. The activity of enzyme was inhibited by $Cu^{2+}$ $Hg^{2+}$ , and $Fe^{3+}$ and maintained by $Ca^{2+}$ and $Mg^{2+}$ . EDTA and pCMB also showed inhibitory effect to the enzyme. TLC and HPLC analysis of the products of the enzyme reaction showed the presence of maltopentaose(52%), maltotriose (25%), maltose (11%), glucose, and maltotetraose in the starch hydrolysates.

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