Morphology, Biology and Chemical Control of Tomato Russet mite, Aculops lycopersici Massee (Acari: Eriophyidae) in Korea

토마토녹응애의 형태, 생태 및 방제

  • 김동근 (경북농업기술원 환경농업연구과) ;
  • 박덕기 ((전)충남농업기술원 생물환경과) ;
  • 김승한 (경북농업기술원 환경농업연구과) ;
  • 박인숙 (경북농업기술원 환경농업연구과) ;
  • 최성국 (경북농업기술원 환경농업연구과)
  • Published : 2002.12.01

Abstract

Tomato russet mite, Aculops lycopersici Massee (Acari. Eriophyidae) was recorded in Korea and their SEM observations, distribution, host range, development on different temperature, and chemical control method were studied. Tomato russet mite is a microscopic animal (134.9 $\mu\textrm{m}$) with 2 pairs of legs which had 4 rays of feathered craw. Infected leaf turn reddish brown, stem loss hair, become shiny or surface cross-cracked, and shoot wilted or shrunk. Surface of fruit around fruit stalk appeared rusted or cross-cracked. It was found in glass greenhouse at Buyeo and Yuseong in Chungnam Province, Pyeongchang in Gangwon Province, and Chilgok and Guryongpo in Gyeongbuk Province. Convolvulus, black nightshade, chinese lanternplant, eggp1ant, morning glory, petunia, potato, pepper, tobacco and tomato were confirmed as a host plant in inoculation test. It could develop at temperature around $15-30^{\circ}C$, it took 6-11 days from eggs to adult, higher temperature shorten its life cycle. Female lived longer than male and it lived as long as 12 days at 25-28"C. Among acaricides tested, fenazaquin and cypermethrin were most effective.tive.

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