DOI QR코드

DOI QR Code

Effect of Application Level of Animal Manure on the Nitrate Concentration, Sugar Content and Intake of Forage Sorghum X Sudangrass Hybrid

가축분 시용수준이 수수 X 수단그라스 교잡종의 질산태질소 함량과 당도 및 채식률에 미치는 영향

  • Seo, S. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Kim, J.G. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Chung, E.S. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Kim, W.H. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Choi, G.J. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA) ;
  • Lee, J.K. (National Livestock Research Institute, RDA)
  • 서성 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 김종근 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 정의수 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 김원호 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 최기준 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소) ;
  • 이종경 (농촌진흥청 축산기술연구소)
  • Published : 2002.06.01

Abstract

A field experiment was carried out to determine the effect of application level of animal manure on the nitrate nitrogen concentration, sugar content and animal intake of forage sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrid (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, cv. Pionee. 988) in 1995. The application amount of animal manure were 50, 100 and 150MT in cattle manure, 20, 40 and 80MT in swine manure, and 10, 20 and 40MT/ha in poultry manure. Non-application plot(control) was involved. The nitrate nitrogen concentration was increased with increasing of application level of animal manure(P<0.05). Average nitrate nitrogen concentration was 397, 512, and 609mg/kg at low, medium and high application level of animal manure. The nitrate nitrogen concentration by plant height was 438mg/kg at 50~60m of plant height, 454mg at 100~120cm, and 418mg at 200~220cm. The nitrate nitrogen concentration of stems was 376mg, and significantly higher than that(135mg) of leaves(P<0.05) regardless of animal manure type, and lower parts of stems and leaves were significantly higher than those of upper parts of plants(P<0.05). Average nitrate nitrogen concentration of leaves was 151mg at lower, and 58mg at upper parts of plants, and the concentration of stems was 357mg at lower, 511mg at middle, and 610mg at upper parts of plants. The sugar contents of sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrid was decreased with increasing of application level of animal manure(P<0.05). Average sugar content was 4.9, 4.4, and 4.3。 at low, medium and high application level of animal manure. The sugar content by plant height was 3.9。 at 50~60 and 100~120cm of plant height, and 6.1。 at 200~220cm of plant height. Animal intake of sorghum $\times$ sudangrass hybrid was decreased greatly with increasing of application level of animal manure. Average intake was 73.9, 55.7, and 52.3% at low, medium and high application level of animal manure. The intake by animal manure type was 73.7% in cattle, 59.7% in swine and 62.5% in poultry manure.

References

  1. 김정갑, 이혁호, 서 성, 곽정훈, 진현주. 1997. 수수$\times$수단그라스 (Sorghum$\times$ Sudangrass Hybrid) 재배지에서 발효우분 퇴비시용에 따른 토양특성의 변화와 작물 생산성. 농업환경논문집 39(1) : 50-55
  2. 서 성, 김종근, 정의수, 강우성, 신재순, 김정갑. 1999. 가축분 시용조건에서 주요 수수$\times$수단그라스 교잡종의 생산량과 사료가치 비교연구. 한초지 19(1) : 57-62
  3. 임영철, 최기준, 임용우, 양종성. 1995. 사료작물 능력검정. 축산시험연구보고서 제 1권 pp. 532
  4. 임영철, 최기준, 임용우, 양종성. 1996. 사료작물 능력검정. 축산시험연구보고서 제 1권 pp. 745
  5. 임영철, 임근발, 임용우, 최기준, 박병훈. 1997. 사료작물 능력검정. 축산시험연구보고서 제 1권 pp. 594
  6. 전병태, 이상무, 김재영, 오인환. 1995. 액상구비 시용이 사료작물의 생산성과 토양성분에 미치는 영향. 한초지 15(1) : 52-60
  7. 축산기술연구소. 1995. 가축분뇨 자원화를 위한 기술지침서. pp. 4-97
  8. Burger, A. W., and C. N. Hittle. 1967. Yield, protein, nitrate, and prussic acid content of sudangrass, sudangrass hybrids, and pearl millets harvested at two cutting frequencies and two stubble heights. Agron. J. 59 : 259-262 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1967.00021962005900030017x
  9. Derscheid, L. A. 1978. Forage sorghums in South Dakota. Cooperative Extension Service. USDA. South Dakota State Univ.
  10. Gangstad, E. O. 1964. Physical and chemical composition of grass sorghum as related to palatability. Crop Sci. 4 : 269-270 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1964.0011183X000400030009x
  11. Harms, C. L., and B. B. Tucker. 1973. Influence of nitrogen fertilization and other factors on yield, prussic acid, nitrate, and total nitrogen concentrations of sudangrass cultivars. Agron. J. 65 : 21-26 https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1973.00021962006500010007x
  12. May, M. L., J. M. Phillips, and G. L. Cloud. 1990. Drought-induced accumulation of nitrate in grain sorghum. J. Prod. Agric., 3(2) : 238-241 https://doi.org/10.2134/jpa1990.0238
  13. Schlegel, A. G. 1992. Effect of composted manure on the soil chemical properties and nitrogen use by grain sorghum. J. Prod. Agric. 5 : 153-157 https://doi.org/10.2134/jpa1992.0153
  14. Takamitsu, A. 1975. The use of forage sorghum. V. $NO_3$-N content in the green-chopped forage sorghum, feeding the sorghum to the dairy cows and nitrate poisoning. J. Japan. Grasssl. Sci. 21(2) : 109-115
  15. Wright, M. J., and K. L. Davison. 1964. Nitrate accumulation in crops and nitrate poisoning in animaㅣs. Advance. Agron. 16 : 197-247 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60025-5

Cited by

  1. Effects of Mixed Application of Chemical Fertilizer with Liquid Swine Manure on Agronomic Characteristics, Yield and Feed Value of Sorghum × Sorghum Hybrid for Silage in Paddy Field Cultivation vol.35, pp.4, 2015, https://doi.org/10.5333/KGFS.2015.35.4.290