An Investigation for Air Pollutants Emitted from Small-Scale Incinerators in Highway Service Area

고속도로 휴게소의 소형소각로에서 배출되는 대기오염물질 조사

  • Jang, Young-Kee (Department of Environmental Engineering, Suwon University) ;
  • Choi, Sang-Jin (Department of Environmental Engineering, Suwon University) ;
  • Kim, Kwan (Department of Environmental Engineering, Suwon University) ;
  • Hong, Min-Sun (School of Environmental¡¤Urban Engineering, Ajou University) ;
  • Choi, Join-In (School of Environmental¡¤Urban Engineering, Ajou University) ;
  • Moon, Su-Ho (School of Environmental¡¤Urban Engineering, Ajou University) ;
  • Kim, Soon-Tae (School of Environmental¡¤Urban Engineering, Ajou University) ;
  • Kim, Seung-Do (Department of Environmental Science, Hallym University)
  • 장영기 (수원대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 최상진 (수원대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 김관 (수원대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 홍민선 (아주대학교 환경·도시공학부) ;
  • 최종인 (아주대학교 환경·도시공학부) ;
  • 문수호 (아주대학교 환경·도시공학부) ;
  • 김순태 (아주대학교 환경·도시공학부) ;
  • 김승도 (한림대학교 환경학과)
  • Published : 2002.12.01

Abstract

The physicochemical properties of solid wastes generated from seven highway service areas, four branch offices, and one construction site were analyzed in concert with air pollutants including heavy metals emitted from near-by small-scale incinerators. The amount of solid wastes generated from highway areas has been increasing with recent increases in the number of highways and passengers. Twelve incinerators examined in this study generally had capacity smaller than 100 kg/hr, most of which were equipped with cyclone for dust removal. It was seen that the concentrations of the gas-phase air pollutants (e.g., SO$_2$, NO$_{x}$, HCl and H$_2$S) were above the acceptable emission standards except one or two sites. CO concentrations at all incinerators were also higher due to incomplete combustion. In addition, particulate matters showed concentration six times higher at their maximum. The results of heavy metal analysis showed that the concentrations of Cu, Cd, and Ni satisfied the emission standards. whereas Pb at one site and Zn at five sites exceeded the standards. Cr measurement results indicated that 9 of 12 incinerators had higher values than the standard; especially one branch office showed nine times higher than normal concentration. In order to satisfy more stringent emission standards in the near future, it is necessary to install air pollution control system and to develop an intensified management plan.n.

References

  1. 쓰레기 성상의 비교분석(국내 쓰레기 소각장을 기준) 강승균
  2. 폐기물처리공정시험방법 김삼권
  3. 한국폐기물학회지 v.14 no.8 소형 소각시설의 문제점 및 개선방안에 대한 연구 김철(등)
  4. 한국도로공사 연구보고서 고속도로휴게소 폐기물 발생추세에 대한 연구 이의상;이주광
  5. 폐기물핸드북 일본폐기물학회지
  6. 대한환경공학회지 v.21 no.2 서울지역 소형소각로의 대기오염물질 배출농도측정과 배출량 추정 장영기(등)
  7. 폐기물처리 정재춘
  8. 한국도로공사Homepage 한국도로공사
  9. 국가폐기물 종합관리계획 환경부
  10. 대기오염·소음·진동 공정시험방법 환경부
  11. 환경통계연감 환경부
  12. Integrated Solid Waste Management Engineering Principles and Management Issues George,T.(et al.)