A Study on the Comparison to Source Profile of the Major Terpenes from Pine Tree and Korean Pine Tree

소나무와 잣나무에서 배출되는 주요 테르펜의 배출특성에 관한 비교연구

  • 지동영 (건국대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 김소영 (국립환경연구원 대기화학과) ;
  • 한진석 (국립환경연구원 대기화학과)
  • Published : 2002.12.01

Abstract

A field study was conducted to estimate the emission rate of biogenic volatile organic compounds (BVOCs) from pine trees. In addition, the influences of meteological variables on their distribution characteristics have been investigated. A vegetation enclosure chamber was designed and constructed of Tedlar bag and acril. Sorbent tubes made up of Tenax TA and Carbotrap were used to collect biogenic VOCs emitted from each individual tree. Analysis of BVOCs was performed using a GC-FID system. The fundamental analytical parameters including linearity, retention time, recovery efficiency, and breakthrough volume were examined and verified for the determination of monoterpene emission rates. Total average concentration of each component is found to be $\alpha$-pinene (16.5), $\beta$-pinene (4.61) from pine trees, and $\alpha$-pinene (42.4), $\beta$-pinene (18.7 ng(gdw)$^{-1}$ hr$^{-1}$ ) from Korean pine trees. On the basis of our study, $\alpha$-pinene was found to be the major monoterpene emitted from both pine and Korean pine trees which were accompanied by $\beta$-pinene, camphene, and limonene. In ambient air, variable monoterpene compositions of emissions from pine trees were similar to Korean pine trees. Emission rates of monoterpene from each tree were found to depend on such parameters as temperature and solar radiation.

References

  1. 기상월보 기상청
  2. 한국대기환경학회지 v.17 no.3 휘발성유기화합물의 주요 배출원의 배출물질 구성비에 관한 연구 김소영;한진석;김희강
  3. 임업통계연보 no.29 임업연구원
  4. Products of the gas-phase-reaction of $O(^3P)$ atoms and $O_3$ with α-pinene and 1,2-dimethy-1-cyclohexene Alvaro Alvarado;E.C.Tuazon;S.M.Aschmann;R.Atkinson;J.Arey
  5. Amos. Environ. v.30 no.12 Volatile organic compounds up $C_20$ emitted motor vehicles: measurement methods Babara,Z;C.S.John;H.Gregory;W.G.Alan;R.P.William
  6. J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc. v.31 The role of natural organics in photo-chemical air pollution. Dimitriades, B. https://doi.org/10.1080/00022470.1981.10465213
  7. Amos. Environ. v.35 Diurnal and seasonal variation of monoterpene emission rates for two typical Mediterranean species (Pinus pinea and Quercus ilex)from field measurements-relationship with temperature and PAR Danelia Sabillon;Lazaro V. Cremades
  8. Bot Gaz v.143 no.3 Estimates of isoprene and monoterpene emission rates in plants Evans,R.C.;D.T.Tingey;M.L.Gumpertz;W.F.Burns https://doi.org/10.1086/botanicalgazette.143.3.2474826
  9. J. of Geophysical Research v.96 Isoprene and monoterpene variability: model evaluation and sensitivity analysis Guenther,A.B.;P.R.Zimmerman;P.C.Harley
  10. Phytochem. v.13 Monoterpene in Sitka spruce; Within tree and seasonal variation Hrufiord,B.F.;S.M.Hopley;R.I.Gara https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-9422(74)85021-1
  11. Atmos. Environ. v.19 Volatile organic compounds in the atmospheric of forests Isidorov, V.A.;I.G. Zenkevich;B.V. Ioffe https://doi.org/10.1016/0004-6981(85)90131-3
  12. J. of Geophysical Research v.98 monoterpene emission from Scots pine and Norwegian spuce Jason,R.W. https://doi.org/10.1029/92JD02394
  13. Amos. Environ. v.35 no.19 Factors controlling natural VOC emissions in a southeastern US pine forest Kim,J.C.
  14. J. KOSAE v.17 no.E2 Development of novel sampling technique for natural VOC emissions Kim, J.C.
  15. Amos. Environ. v.21 A national inventory of biogenic hydrocarbin emission. Lamb, B.;A. Guenther;D. Gay;H. Westberg
  16. Amos. Environ. v.29 Biological aspects of constructing volatile organic compound emission inventory Monson, R.K.;M.T., Lerdau;T.D. Sharkey;D.S. Schimel;R. Fall
  17. J. Geophysical Research v.101 no.D17 Laboratory and field studies of biogenic volatile organic compound emissions from Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Bong.) in the United Kingdom Rachel, A.S.;S.C.Duckham;C.N.Hewitt https://doi.org/10.1029/96JD01171
  18. Naturwissenschaften v.82 Light-dependant emission of monoterpene by Holm Oak (Quercus ilex L.) Staudt, M.;G. Seufert https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01140148
  19. Trace gas emissions Tingey, D.T.;D.P. Turner;J.A. Wwber
  20. Plant Physiology v.65 Influence of light and temperature on monoterpene emission from slash pine Tingey, D.T.;M. Manning;L.C. Grothaus;W.F. Burns https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.65.5.797
  21. Atmospheric Biogenic Hydrocarbon ; Emission. Ann Arbor Science v.1 The effect of environmental factors on the emission of biogenic hydrocarbons from live Oak and Slash Pine Tingey, D.T.;Bufalini, J.J.(ed.);Arnts, R.R.(ed.)
  22. EPA-450-4-70-004 Testing of hydrocarbon emissions from vegetation, leaf litter and aquatic surfaces, and development of a method for computing biogenic emission inventories Zimmerman, P.