Preparation of ion exchanger from waste paper cup and removal characteristics of heavy metal

폐종이컵을 이용한 이온교환체 제조와 중금속제거특성

  • 유수용 (부경대학교 화학공학부) ;
  • 이훈용 (동백중학교) ;
  • 정원진 (부경대학교 화학공학부) ;
  • 문명준 (부경대학교 화학공학부) ;
  • 이민규 (부경대학교 화학공학부)
  • Published : 2002.09.01


Waste paper cup was sulfonated to be used as ion exchanger. Removal characteristic of copper and lead ion by prepared ion exchanger was investigated. The sulfonation was conformed by the high intensity band of $SO_3H$ group around 1100~$1160cm^{-1}$. The synthesized ion exchanger had greater removal ability for copper and lead ion than the original waste paper cup. Ion exchange system reached the final equilibrium plateau within 30min. The maximum removal capacities $q_{max}$ were calculated as 9.79mg/g fur copper and 15.95mg/g for lead, respectively. The affinity of lead based on a weight was higher than that of copper. The ion exchange phenomena appeared to follow a typical Freundlich isotherm.


waste paper cup;ion exchanger;sulfonation;heavy metal


  1. Lee, M. G. and K. H. Suh, 1996, Study on Adsorption of heavy metal ions by Cheju scoria, J. of Kor. Environ. Sci. Soc., 5(2), 195 -201.
  2. Kim, M. S., W. T. Kwon, and K S. Jeon, 1987, Cation exchanger properties of synthetic zeolite A from kaolin, Hwahak Konghak, 25(6), 570-577.
  3. Choi, K. S. and H. S. Ahn, 1990, A study on synthesis of cross-linked chitosan phosphate and adsorption characteristics of metallic ions, Polymer, 14(5), 516-526.
  4. Nikiforv, I. A., A. Y. Nikiforov, and V. P. Sevost'yanov, 1997, Sorption of heavy metal cations on silica clay, Russian J. Applied Chem., 70(7), 1215-1216.
  5. Lee, M. G., G. Yi, B. J. Ahn, and F. Roddick, 2000, Conversion of coal fly ash into zeolite and heavy metal removal characteristics of the products, Kor. Jour. of Chem. Eng., 17(3), 325-331.
  6. Murley, L., 1992, Pollution Handbook, National Society for Clean Air and Environmental Protection, Brighton.
  7. Kim, Y., D. S. Kim, S. B. Jang, and S. Y. Park, 1996, Studies on the removal of metal ions with domestic Pohang zeolites and synthetic zeolites, J. of KSEE, 18(5), 2-16.
  8. 김인배, 김승호, 김병욱, 박주량, 2000, 최신폐기물, 신광문화사, 15.
  9. Park, H. J., B. H. Lee, B. H. Lee, S. U. Jeong, J. W. Jeong, and U. Jeong, 2001, Calcination characteristics of Corbicular japonica and Ostrea virginica, J. of KSEE, 23 (11), 1835-1842.
  10. Song, H. C. and M. C. Hwang, 1981, Soybean oil cake as cation exchanger, Report Ind. Edu. Res. Center, Chungnam Nat. Univ., 4(1), 173-178.
  11. Kabata-Pendias, A. and H. Pendias, 1984, Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, CRC Press, Boca Raton.
  12. Kam, S. K., D. S. Kim, and M. G. Lee, 1999, Comparison of removal performance of divalent heavy metals by natural and pretreated zeolites, J. of Kor. Environ. Sci. Soc., 8(3), 399-409.
  13. Train, R. E., 1979, Quality Criteria for Water, Castle House, London.
  14. Jeong, E. D., H. S. Kim, K. W. Park, and U. H. Paek, 1999, A study on physical properties and adsorption characteristics of heavy metal ions of loess, J. of Kor. Environ. Sci., 8(4), 491-496.
  15. Davies, D. J. A. and B. G. Bennett, 1983, Exposure Commitment Assessments of Environmental Research Centre, London.
  16. Bowen, H. J. M., 1979, The Environmental Chemistry of the Elements, Academic Press, London.
  17. Du, Qing, Z. Sun, W. Forsling, and H. Tang, 1997, Adsorption of copper at aqueous illite surfaces, J. Colloid and Interface Sci., 187, 232-242.
  18. Altm, O., H. O. Ozbelge and T. Dogu, 1998, Use of general purpose adsorption isotherms for heavy metal-clay mineral interactions., J. Colloid and Interface Sci., 198, 130-140.
  19. Manahan, S. E., 1991, Environmental Chemistry, Lewis, Chelsea, MI, 5th ed.
  20. Volesky, B., 1990, Biosorption of heavy metals, CRC press, 158.
  21. Kim, D. W., H. Y. Song, M. C. Hwang, and H. H. Ryu, 1981, Capacity of oil cake ion exchanger, J. of Kor. Chem Soc., 25(5), 300-305.
  22. 황명천, 맹기석, 1980, 톱밥이온교환체를 이용한 염산-에탄올 혼합용액에서의 양이농분포계수 및 그의 분리에 관한 연구, 충남대 공업교육연구소 논문집, 3(2), 102-106.
  23. 김동원, 유화상, 1985, 탄종별 양이온교환체의 합성과 그의 이온교환용량, 대한공업교육학회지, 10(2), 143-152.