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Evolution of Wind Storm over Coastal Complex Terrain

연안복합지형에서 바람폭풍의 진화

  • Choi, Hyo (Dept. of Atmospheric Environmental Sciences, Kangnung National Univ.) ;
  • Seo, Jang-Won (Dept. of Marine Meteorological Laboratory, Meteorological Research Institute, Korean Meteorological Administration) ;
  • Nam, Jae-Cheol (Dept. of Marine Meteorological Laboratory, Meteorological Research Institute, Korean Meteorological Administration)
  • 최효 (강릉대학교 대기환경과학과) ;
  • 서장원 (기상청 기상연구소 해양기상연구실) ;
  • 남재철 (기상청 기상연구소 해양기상연구실)
  • Published : 2002.09.01

Abstract

As prevailing synoptic scale westerly wind blowing over high steep Mt. Taegulyang in the west of Kangnung coastal city toward the Sea of Japan became downslope wind and easterly upslope wind combined with both valley wind and sea breeze(valley-sea breeze) also blew from the sea toward the top of the mountain, two different kinds of wind regimes confronted each other in the mid of eastern slope of the mountain and further downward motion of downlsope wind along the eastern slope of the mountain should be prohibited by the upslope wind. Then, the upslope wind away from the eastern slope of the mountain went up to 1700m height over the ground, becoming an easterly return flow in the upper level of the sea. Two kinds of circulations were detected with a small one in the coastal sea and a large one from the coast toward the open sea. Convective boundary layer was developed with a thickness of about 1km over the ground in the upwind side of the mountain in the west, while a thickness of thermal internal boundary layer(TIBL) form the coast along the eastern slope of the mountain was only confined to less than 200m. After sunset, under no prohibition of upslope wind, westerly downslope wind blew from the top of the mountain toward the coastal basin and the downslope wind should be intensified by both mountain wind and land breeze(mountain-land breeze) induced by nighttime radiative cooling of the ground surfaces, resulting in the formation of downslope wind storm. The wind storm caused the development of internal gravity waves with hydraulic jump motion bounding up toward the upper level of the sea in the coastal plain and relatively moderate wind on the sea.

Keywords

wind storm;convective boundary layer;thermal internal boundary layer;valley-sea breeze;mountain-land breeze;internal gravity waves;hydraulic jump

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