Damage of Perennial Ryegrass, Lolium perenne by Chestnut Brown Chafer, Adoretus tenuimaculatus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) and Biological Control with Korean Isolate of Entomopathogenic Nematodes

주둥무늬차색풍뎅이(Adoretus tenuimacuiatus)에 의한 퍼레니얼라이그라스(Lolium perenne)피해와 한국산 곤충병원성 선충을 이용한 생물적 방제

  • 이동운 (경상대학교 농업생명과학연구원) ;
  • 추호렬 (경상대학교 농업생명과학연구원, 경상대학교 응용생명과학) ;
  • 신옥진 (진주컨트리클럽) ;
  • 윤재수 (상주대학교 잠사곤충자원학과) ;
  • 김영섭 (상주대학교 잠사곤충자원학과)
  • Published : 2002.09.01

Abstract

The chestnut brown chafer, Adoretus tenuimaculatus Waterhouse, is serious insect pests in golf courses. Adults feed on the leaves of latifoliate trees but larvae feed on roots of turfgrases such as bentgrass, Agrostis spp. Damage of A. tenuimaculatus larvae was observed at the Jinju golf club which showed damage symptom on perennial ryegrass, Lolium perenne in tees and fairways in July, 2000. Damaged turf by A. tenuimaculatus larvae became yellowish and wilted. Symptom of laval damage of A. tenuimaculatus was similar to summer depression in warm season turfgrasses but not recovered by irrigation when Korean isolates of entomopathogenic nematodes were evaluated for the control of A. tenuimaculatus larvae in laboratory and field as a possible biological control agent. The nematodes used were Heterorhabditis bacteriophora Jeju strain, Hererorhabditis sp. Gyeongsan strain, Steinernema carpocapsae Pocheon strain, S.glaseri Dongrea strain, and S.longicaudum Nonsan strain. In the laboratory test H.bacreriophora Jeju strain and Heterorhabditis sp. Gyeongsan strain were highly effective for 3rd instars with 95% mortality. In the field test reduction rates of A.tenuimaculatus larvae were higher by ranging from 28 to 57% by H. bacteriophora Jeju strain, Heterorhabditis sp. Gyeongsan strain, and S.carpocapsae Pocheon strain compared to 7% by natural cause.

Keywords

Heterorhabdiris;Steinernema;Adoretus tenuimaculatus;Ryegrass;Entomopathogenic nematode;Biological control;Heterorhabditis;Steinernema

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