Optimization of Large Scale Culture Conditions of Bacillus ehimensis YJ-37 Antagonistic to Vegetables Damping-off Fungi

채소류 모잘록병균에 길항하는 Bacillus ehimensis YJ-37의 대량배양 최적조건

  • Published : 2002.06.01


The optimal culture conditions in 500$m\ell$ flask suture, 5$\ell$ jar fermenter and 2,000 $\ell$ large stale culture were investigated to maximize the production of antibiotic on Rhizoctonia solani AC4, the causal agent of vegetables damping-off, by the strain Bacillus ehimensis YJ-37. Starch (1.5%) as a carbon source, peptone (0.6%) as a nitrogen source and MgC1$_2$(0.15%) as a metal ion in the medium containing N $a_2$HP $O_4$(0.3%) showed the highest production of the antibiotic(s) in a rotary shake (200 rpm). Optimal initial pH of the culture medium, culture temperature and culture time for the antibiotic(s) production were pH 8.0, 32$^{\circ}C$ and 54hrs, respertively. Under the optimal renditions in flask culture, cell growth and antifungal activity (clear zone size) were 1.42 $\times$ 10$^{8}$ cfu/$m\ell$ (21g-DCW/ $\ell$) and 13.9 mm, respectively. In 5 $\ell$ jar fermenter (medium 3 $\ell$), optimal air flow, agitation speed and culture time for the antibiotic(s) production were 2 vvm, 200 rpm and 48hrs, respectively. Under the optimal conditions in 5 $\ell$ jar fermenter, tell growth and antifungal activity were 2.06 $\times$ 10$^{8}$ cfu/$m\ell$ (30g-DCW/ $\ell$) and 13.4 mm, respectively. Under the culture conditions of air flow (30 vvm) and agitation speed (200 rpm) at 32$^{\circ}C$ for 10 days in 2,000 $\ell$ large scale culture (medium 1,800 $\ell$, pH 8.0), cell growth and antifungal activity were 0.81$\times$10$^{8}$ cfu/$m\ell$ (12g-DCW/ $\ell$) and 8.6 mm, respectively.


Antagonistic;Bacillus ehimensis;Rhizoctonia solani AG4


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