Ovipositional Charcteristics of Hemiptarsenus zilahisebessi(Hymenoptera : Eulophidae), Ectoparasitoid of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae)

아메리카잎굴파리 외부기생봉 Hemiptarsenus zilahisebessi의 산란특성

  • 문형철 (전북농업기술원 식물환경연구과) ;
  • 최정식 (전북농업기술원 식물환경연구과) ;
  • 황창연 (전북대학교 농업과학기술연구소)
  • Published : 2002.03.01

Abstract

Longevities of Hemiptarsenus zilahisebessi, ectoparasitoid of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) larva. were 23.0, 16.9. and 12.7 days at 20, 25, and 30$^{\circ}C$, respectively. The adults copulated and laid eggs as soon as they emerged at 20$^{\circ}C$ and 30$^{\circ}C$. The total number of eggs laid and the daily oviposition rate were 82.3/3.6, 90.3/6.0, and 95.5/7.8 at the three different constant temperatures. The sex ratios were 0.37,0.43. and 0.43 at 20,25, and 30$^{\circ}C$. respectively. Female oviposited 1.4 eggs near parasitized host larva and the average distance between eggs of H. zilahisebessi andhost larva wre 0.92mm. The instrinsic increase rates(r$\sub$m/) of H. zilahisebessi were 0.12, 0.19 and 0.27, and net reproduction were 31.0, 40.2, and 40.8 at 20,25, and 30$^{\circ}C$, respectively. Female of H. zilahisebessi oviposited mainly on the 3rd larva and sex ratio was 0.42, wheras the ratio was declined to 0.1 on the 1st larva.

References

  1. Bethke, J.A., M.P. Parrella, J.T. Trumble and N.C. Toscano.Effect of tomato cutivar and fertilizer regime on the survivalof Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 80: 200-203
  2. Han, MJ., S.H. Lee, J.Y. Choi, S.B. Ahn and M.H. Lee. 1996.Newly introduced insect pest, American serpentine leafminer,Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) in Korea. Korean J.Appl. Entomol. 35: 309-314
  3. Ohno, K. 1998. Rearing method of Diglyphus isaea, parasitoidof Liriomyza trifotii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Agriculture of This Month 3: 68-72
  4. Saito, T., T. Oishi, A. Ozawa and F. Ikeda. 1995. Effects oftemperature, photoperiod, and host plants on development andoviposition of Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromy-zidae). Jpn. J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 39: 127-134 https://doi.org/10.1303/jjaez.39.127
  5. Schuster, D.J. 1994. Life-stage specific toxicity of insecticides toparasitoids of Liriomyw trifotii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromy-zidae). International J. Pest Management 40: 191-194 https://doi.org/10.1080/09670879409371880
  6. Yoo, C.K. and M.I. Ryoo. 1989. Host prefernece of Lariophagusdistinguendus Foester (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) for theinstars of rice weevil (Sitopbitus oryzae (L.)) (Coleoptera:Curculionidae) and sex ratio of the paraitoid in relation to thehost. Korean J. Appl. Entomol. 28: 28-31
  7. Minkenberg, O.P.J.M. 1988. Life history of the agromyzid flyLiriomyza trifolii on tomato at different temperatures. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 48: 73-84 https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00343388
  8. Saito, T., F. Ikeda and A. Ozawa. 1996. Effect of pestcides onparasitoid complex of serpentine leafminer Linomyw trifolii(Burgess) in Shizuoka Prefecture. Jpn. J. Appl. Entomol. Zool.40:127-133 https://doi.org/10.1303/jjaez.40.127
  9. Lin, F.C. and C.L. Wang. 1992. The occurrence of parasitoids ofLiriomyzci trifotii (Burgess) in Taiwan. Chinese J. Entomol.12:247-257
  10. Bordat, D., E.V. Coly and C.R. Olivera. 1995. Morphometric,biological and behavioural differences between Hemiptarsenus varicornis (Hym., Eulophidae) and Opius dissitus(Hym., Braconidae) parasitoids of Liriomyza trifotii (Burgess)(Diptera: Agromyzidae). J. Appl. Entomol. 119: 423-427 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0418.1995.tb01312.x
  11. Schuster, D.J. and R.A. Wharton. 1993. Hymenopterous parasitoids of leaf mining Liriomy:.a spp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae)on tomato in Florida. Environ. Entomol. 22: 1188-1191 https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/22.5.1188
  12. Johnson, M.W. and A.H. Hara. 1987. Influence of host crop onparasitoids (Hymenoptera) of Liriomyza spp. (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Environ. Entomol. 16: 339-344 https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/16.2.339
  13. Lee, K,S., C.K. Park and J.Y. Choi. 1999. Studies on ecologyand control methods of the American serpentine leafminer,Liriomyw trifolii (Burgess), NIAST. 92 pp
  14. Park, J.D. 1996. Host ranges and temperature effects on thedevelopment of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Korean J. Entomol. 35: 302-308
  15. Saito, T. 1997. Rearing methods of native natural enemies inJapan: Hemiptarsenus varicornis, Parasitoid of Liriomyzatrifolii. Plant Protection 51: 530-533
  16. Abou-Setta, M.M., R.W. Sorrell and C.C. Childers. 1986. Life48: A basic computer program to calculate life table parameters for an insect of mite species. The Florida Entomologist. 69: 691-697
  17. Minkenberg, O.P.J.M. 1990. Reproduction of Dacnusa sibiricu(Hymenopera: Braconidae), an endoparasitoid of Liriomvzabryoniae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on tomatoes, at constanttemperatures. Environ. Entomol. 19: 625-629 https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/19.3.625
  18. Patel, KJ. and DJ. Schuster. 1991. Temperature dependentfecundity, longevity, and host killing activity of Digtyphusintennedius (Hymenoptera: EuJophidae) on third instars ofLiriomyza trifotii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae). Environ.Entomol.2O: 1195-1199 https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/20.4.1195
  19. Heinz, K.M. and M.P. Parrella. 1990. The influence of host sizeon sex ratios in the parasitoid Digtyphus begini (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Ecological Entomol. 15: 391-399 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.1990.tb00822.x
  20. Konishi, K. 1998. An illustrated key to the Hymenopterousparasitoids of Liriomyza trifotii in Japan. Misc. Publ. Natl.Inst. Agro-Environ. Sci. 22: 27-76