Effects of Divalent Cations on the Self-splicing Inhibition of Group I Intron by the Coen-zyme Thiamine Pyrophosphate

2가 양이온이 Thiamine Pyrophosphate에 의한 Group I Intron Ribozyme의 Splicing 억제에 미치는 영향

  • 안성준 (동국대학교 생물학과) ;
  • 박인국 (동국대학교 생물학과)
  • Published : 2002.03.01

Abstract

Effects of divalent cations such as $Mg^{2+}$, $Mn^{2+}$ and $Zn^{2+}$ on the self-splicing inhibition of the T4 phage thymidylate synthase (td) intron by the coenzyme thiamine pyrophosphate have been investigated. The splicing activity increased in proportion to the concentration of $Mg^{2+}$ up to 30 mM. Without $Mg^{2+}$in the splicing reaction the $Zn^{2+}$ ion tested in the range of 0.1-6 mM concentration only produced the splicing activity about 20% that of the normal splicing rate. A majority of the splicing products were I-E2 and E2 but El-E2 ligation product, Cl and Ll were not detected. Similar patterns of splicing products were also observed with $Mn^{2+}$. At 6 mM $Zn^{2+}$the intron RNA was hydrolyzed. $Mn^{2+}$produced a little higher splicing activity than that of $Zn^{2+}$over the range of concentrations used and at 8 mM about 28% splicing activity was observed. In contrast, $Mn^{2+}\;and\;Zn^{2+}$ ions promoted the splicing activity about 35-40% on an average in the presence of 10 mM $Mg^{2+}$. Of all divalent cations tested, $Mg^{2+}$exhibited the maximum activation effect to counteract the splicing inhibition by thiamine pyrophosphate. This appears to be due to the stabilizing effect of td intron ribozyme structure essential for the catalytic function by $Mg^{2+}$.

Keywords

divalent cation;self-splicing;T4 phage;td intron ribozyme;thiamine pyrophosphate

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