- Volume 15 Issue 5
This study investigated the use of multinutrient blocks (MNB) composed of 35% date syrup, 35% date syrup byproducts, 10% date fronds, 7% urea, 7% cement and 6% common salt for growing small ruminants, as partial substitute for the roughage component of the diet (Rhodes grass hay) and its effect on feedlot performance and economics of feeding. Eight growing local Omani goats and 8 sheep (each about one year old) were used in this study. Mean body weights for goats and sheep (kg), respectively were
Multinutrient Blocks;Roughage;Growth;Small Ruminants
- El Hag, M. G. 1995. Production of animal feeds from dates and date by-products in the Sultanate. A review. International J. Anim. Sci. (1995) 10:195-201
- Mikki, M. S. and S. M. AL-Taisan. 1987. Incorporation of date pulp for the manufacture of Tomato ketsup. Date Palm J. 5:215-226.
- Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Muscat Sultanate of Oman. 1993. Animal census. Unpublished Departmental report.
- Morales, A. R., M. A. Galina and G. F. W. Haenlein. 2000. Nutritional and economic effects of using non protein feed supplementation to dairy goats on low quality forage. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Goats, France, 15-21 May 2000. pp. 145-149.
- Preston, T. R. 1995. Tropical Animal Feeding: A Manual for Research Workers. Animal Production and Health paper-126. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.
- Steel R. G. and J. H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. A Biometrical Approach. 2nd. Ed. McGraw Hill Book Co.Inc. New York.
- Hinojosa, O., A. Stemmer and A. Valle Zarate. 2000. Effect of multinutrient blocks on growing of kids at the end of the dry season in Bolivia. Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Goats, France, 15-21 May 2000. p. 173.
- Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food. Booklet 2087. 1980. Nutrient Allowances and Composition of Feedingstuffs for Ruminants, Hmso, London.
- El Hag, M. G., M. A. Al-Merza and H. H. El Khanjari. 2000. Processing of Multi Nutrient Blocks (MNBs) from date byproducts and urea for feeding ruminants in the Sultanate of Oman. I-Effect of partial replacement of the concentrate dairy ration with date syrup-urea MNB on milk production, quality and economics of feeding. Unpublished Departmental research report, Ministry of Agric. and Fisheries, Muscat-Sultanate of Oman.
- Tilley, J. M. A. and R. A. Terry. 1963. A two-stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. J. Br. Grassl. Soc. 18:104. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2494.1963.tb00335.x
- AOAC. 1984 . Official Methods of Analysis. 14th Ed. Association of official analytical chemists, Washington, DC.
- El Hag, M. G. and K. M. El Shargi. 1996. Feedlot performance and carcass characterstics of local (Dhofari) and exotic (Cashmere) goats fed on a high fiber by-products diet supplemented with fish sardines. Asian-Aus. J. Anim. Sci. 9:389-396.
- El Hag, M. G. and H. H. El Khanjari. 1992. Dates and sardines as potential animal feed resources. World Animal Review No. 73(FAO).
- El Khidir, O. A., A. M. Khalafalla and F. I. Murgos. 1989. Molasses urea blocks as an emergency diet for sheep in the Sudan. Sudan J. Anim. Prod. 2:9-17.
- Qi, K., C. D. Lu and F. N. Owens. 1994. Effects of sulfate supplementation on performance, acid-base balance and nutrient metabolism in Alpine kids. Small Rumin. Res. 15:9-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-4488(94)90054-X
- Effects of concentrate replacement by feed blocks on ruminal fermentation and microbial growth in goats and single-flow continuous-culture fermenters1 vol.87, pp.4, 2009, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2008-1263
- Nutrient utilization, ruminal fermentation, microbial nitrogen flow, microbial abundances, and methane emissions in goats fed diets including tomato and cucumber waste fruits1 vol.91, pp.2, 2013, https://doi.org/10.2527/jas.2012-5212