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Screening of Conjugated Linoleic Acid Producing Lactic Acid Bacteria from Fecal Samples of Healthy Babies

  • Ham, J.S. ;
  • In, Y.M. ;
  • Jeong, S.G. ;
  • Kim, J.G. ;
  • Lee, E.H. ;
  • Kim, H.S. ;
  • Yoon, S.K. ;
  • Lee, B.H.
  • Received : 2001.12.20
  • Accepted : 2002.03.16
  • Published : 2002.07.01

Abstract

This study was carried out to obtain conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) producing lactic acid bacteria for further study on the enzymes related to the production of CLA which has gained considerable attention and on the development as a probiotic culture. Total 34 lactic acid bacteria were isolated from 19 feces samples of healthy babies. CLA forming ability was measured spectrophotometrically by the modification of linoleate 12-cis, 11-trans-isomerase activity measuring method, and CLA of the cultures were extracted, methylated, and examined by HPLC analysis. CLA methyl ester of only one culture showing the highest value of CLA forming ability could be detected by HPLC analysis. The culture was found to be Gram positive, rods and catalase negative. It grows at $45^{\circ}C$ but not at $15^{\circ}C$, and was identified to be Lactobacillus fermentum on the basis of the biochemical characteristics and the utilization of substrates. These results provide an efficient experimental method to screen CLA producing lactic acid bacteria.

Keywords

Conjugated Linoleic;Acid;Lactic Acid Bacteria;Lactobacillus Fermentum

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