Financial Supports of Government for Nonprofit Social Service Organizations in the United States

비영리 조직에 대한 정부재정지원에 영향을 미치는 요인 : 미국의 사례를 중심으로

  • Rho, Yeon-Hee (Dept. of Social Welfare, Kunsan National University)
  • 노연희 (군산대학교 사회복지학과)
  • Published : 2002.05.30


This study explores whether there are differences in financial structure and governmental support between social service organizations and other nonprofit organizations. In addition, it analyzes what factors are related to governmental supports for both types of nonprofit organizations. Guided by the argument that specific areas where nonprofits primarily operate can explain a difference of relations between nonprofit organizations and funders, this study compares revenue sources and expenditures of social service organizations and other nonprofit organizations in the United States. Also, based on resource dependence theory and taking some important indexes from financial ratio analysis, this study also identifies factors that affect governmental supports for nonprofit organizations. The study sample consists of 10,690 organizations that reported tax form 990 in 1996. Binary logistic regression analysis was conducted for the study. The results show that social service organizations obtained more revenue from government than other nonprofit organizations. Also, logistic regression analysis suggests that revenue diversification and financial characteristics were significantly associated with governmental supports for nonprofit organizations in the United States.