Decontamination of simulated radioactive metal waste by modified electrolytic Process with neutral salt electrolytes

개선된 중성염 진해공정을 이용한 모의 방사성 금속폐기물의 제염

  • 이지훈 (한국수력원자력 (주) 원자력환경기술원) ;
  • 육완이 (한국수력원자력 (주) 원자력환경기술원) ;
  • 양호연 (한국수력원자력 (주) 원자력환경기술원) ;
  • 하종현 (한국수력원자력 (주) 원자력환경기술원)
  • Published : 2002.06.30


Conventional and modified electrolytic decontamination experiment were performed in the 1.7 M solution of sodium sulfate and sodium nitrate tot decontamination of carbon steel as the simulated metal wastes which have been produced in large amounts from nuclear power plants. Anode ant cathode were used as inconel and titanium respective. The reaction time and temperature were 1 hr and $25^{\circ}C$ The analyses were performed of the characteristics such as weight loss arid thickness change of metal waste. suspended solid in electrolyte and SEM observation. In modified electrolyte decontamination system with increased current density ranged from 0.1 to $0.6A/cm^2$, the metal waste showed thickness changes of $0.48{\pm}0.005$ to $67.7{\pm}0.02{\mu}m$ in 1.7 M sodium sulfate and those of $0.06{\pm}0.005$ to $17.7{\pm}0.05{\mu}m$ in sodium nitrate. Metal waste in modified electrolyte decontamination system showed the thickness change of $9.8{\pm}0.01{\mu}m$ while it reacted up to $3.7{\pm}0.03{\mu}m$ in conventional system with $0.3 A/cm^2$ of current density and 1.7 M sodium sulfate. Decontamination efficiencies of modified electrolytic process ate much hither than that of conventional electrolytic process when both are applied to metal waste.


  1. 오원진, 문제권, 정종헌, 방사성폐기물 재활용 기술현황, KAERI/AR-474/97, 한국원자력연구소, (1997)
  2. 이지훈, 양호연, 하종현, 방사성폐기물 감용을 위한 표면오염 제거기술 개발, 원자력환경기술원, TM.P2001.3, (2001)
  3. 김준용, '현대 전기화학과 공업', 서울대학교 출판부, (1985)
  4. T. Izumida, K. Kato, F. Kawamura and H. Yusa, 'Electrolytic Decontamination of Surface Contaminated Metal by Alternating Electrolysis Using Squre Wave Current in a Neutral Salt Electrolyte', Nuclear. Technology, Vol.70, pp249-253, Aug.(1985)
  5. 재료기술자료센터, '방사성금속폐기물의 제염 방법', 일본특허조사자료집, Research No. 2064 (C), (1994)