Activated Phenoloxidase Interacts with A Novel Glycine-rich Protein on the Yeast Two-hybrid System

  • Lee, Sun-Woo (College of Natural Sciences, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Hyun-Seong (College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University) ;
  • Kim, Eun-Jun (Department of Biological Sciences, KAIST) ;
  • Yoo, Mi-Ae (College of Natural Sciences, Pusan National University) ;
  • Lee, Bok-Luel (College of Pharmacy, Pusan National University)
  • Received : 2000.10.18
  • Accepted : 2000.11.24
  • Published : 2001.01.31

Abstract

One of the innate immune reactions in invertebrates is the pro-phenoloxidase (pro-PO) activation system that is involved in the generation of superoxide, melanin synthesis, and the subsequent sequestration of foreign matter entering the hemocoel of the invertebrates. However, the molecular mechanism of this biological reaction is still obscure. To expand our understanding of the biological roles of the pro-PO activation system in invertebrates, we performed a yeast two-hybrid screening by using three regions of pro-PO as bait and a yeast two-hybrid cDNA library from Tenebrio molitor larvae as prey We isolated a novel partial cDNA clone that encodes a glycine-rich protein that interacted with the active phenoloxidase (termed phenoloxidase interacting protein, POIP). POIP consists of two domains: One is an N-terminal unique domain and the other is a C-terminal glycine-rich domain. The C-terminal glycine-rich domain showed sequential homology with those of insect antifungal proteins. Also, the yeast two-hybrid screen in a reverse orientation (using POIP as bait) yielded PO, suggesting that the PO-POIP interaction is specific. By using a 315 bP PCR fragment of the N-terminal unique region of POIP, we cloned the full-length cDNA of POIP from the Tenebruo cDNA library constructed by using E. coli injected larvae. The interaction analysis between PO, and a truncated fragment lacking the N-terminal unique region of POIP, indicated that the N-terminal unique region is necessary for interaction between PO and POIP. The expression level of the POIP mRNA is increased by bacterial injection into T. molitor larvae. This suggests that POIP might be engaged in the humoral defense reaction.

Acknowledgement

Supported by : KOSEF, Pusan National University