A Study about the Influence of Pollutant Load on Water Quality in a Small Stream Watershed

소하천의 오염부하량이 수질에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구

  • Lee, Sang-Hoon (Department of Environmental Engineering, the University of Suwon) ;
  • Cho, Wook-Sang (Department of Environmental Engineering, the University of Suwon)
  • 이상훈 (수원대학교 환경공학과) ;
  • 조욱상 (수원대학교 환경공학과)
  • Published : 2001.03.31


An intensive watershed survey including water quality measurement of 6 times was carried out in order to find out the relationship between pollutant load and water quality in a small stream watershed where livestock wastewater is the main source of water pollution. The findings from the survey are as follows. 1) The number of livestock showed large disagreement among county office, myon, and insite survey. It is vital to check the data at the beginning of watershed survey. 2) The fluctuation of streamflow and water quality was so large depending on the day of measurement that it is essential to set up continuous telemetering system to get reliable data about delivery ratio of pollutants. 3) It was helpful for setting the priority of investigation to check water quality and quantity at several points along the stream after dividing the watershed into 5 drainage areas. 4) To control the livestock wastewater, especially in case of cows, it is necessary to have roof system and prevent overland flow from the ground. In case of pig farms, it is recommended to have public treatment system instead of private treatment system. The exact emission load of livestock wastewater was difficult to estimate, and requires more study.