Effect of Nonsolvent and Metal Salt Concentration on Oxygen Separation Performances of Polycarbonate/Metal Salt Membrane

Polycarbonate/Metal Salt 막의 산소분리특성에 미치는 비용매와 금속염 농도의 영향

  • Seo, Sang-Hun (Detp. of Chem. Eng., Graduate school, Chonnam National Univrsity) ;
  • Lee, Woo-Tai (Faculty of Chem. Eng. Chonnam National University)
  • 서상훈 (전남대학교 대학원 화학공학과) ;
  • 이우태 (전남대학교 화학공학부)
  • Received : 2000.12.27
  • Accepted : 2001.02.19
  • Published : 2001.02.28

Abstract

Polycarbonate(PC) membranes for oxygen enrichment from air were prepared by the wet phase inversion method. In order to improve oxygen separation performances of the PC membrane, the effect of the added ethanol(nonsolvent) and $CuCl_2$(metal salt) concentration in the casting solution on morphology, oxygen permeability ami $O_2/N_2$ separation factor of the membrane was studied. In addition, tensile strength and elongation at break of the membrane were investigated. An asymmetric membrane with a dense top layer and a porous sublayer was obtained. The thickness of the dense top layer decreased with increasing amount of nonsolvent additive. Compared with pure PC membrane without additive(metal salt), the oxygen permeability and $O_2/N_2$ separation factor of the $PC/CuCl_2$ membrane are significantly improved. The oxygen permeability and $O_2/N_2$ separation factor is $5.25{\times}10^{-9}cm^3(STP){\cdot}cm/cm^2{\cdot}sec{\cdot}cmHg$ and 4.5, respectively. This improvement might be due to good interaction between metal salt and oxygen.