Influence of Dietary Butyrate on Growth Rate, Efficiency of Nutrient Utilization and Cost of Unit Gain in Murrah Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Male Calves

  • Vidyarthi, V.K. (Animal Nutrition Department, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidayalaya) ;
  • Kurar, C.K. (Dairy Cattle Nutrition Division, National Dairy Research Institute)
  • Received : 2000.04.06
  • Accepted : 2000.06.30
  • Published : 2001.04.01


Eighteen Murrah male buffalo calves were allotted into three groups of six each. The calves in group I (control) were fed with whole milk, skim milk, calf starter and green maize fodder. The calves in group II (high butyric acid) and group III (low butyric acid) were fed with the same diet as control along with 24 ml and 12 ml of butyric acid/calf/day for 120 days, respectively for 120 days. Dry matter intake was higher in group II and III as compared with group I. Digestibility of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, crude fibre, ether extract, neutral detergent fibre, acid detergent fibre, cellulose and hemicellulose was the highest in group II followed by group III and the control group. Body weight gain and conversion efficiency of dry matter, digestible crude protein and total digestible nutrients were better in group II. Cost of feed for per unit of live weight gain was the lowest in group II. It was concluded that dietary addition of butyric acid (24 ml/day) was economical and had positive effect on the performance of Murrah buffalo calves.