A study on exposure of organic solvents in manufacturing industry

제조업 산업장의 유기용제 노출에 관한 연구

  • Moon, Deog-Hwan (Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine and Institute of Industrial Medicine) ;
  • Kim, Jeong-Ha (Department of Public Health, Graduate school, Inje University) ;
  • Kim, Pil-Ja (Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine and Institute of Industrial Medicine) ;
  • Park, Myung-Hee (Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine and Institute of Industrial Medicine) ;
  • Hwang, Yong-sik (Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine and Institute of Industrial Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Chae-Kwan (Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine and Institute of Industrial Medicine) ;
  • Lee, Chang-Hee (Department of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, College of Medicine and Institute of Industrial Medicine)
  • 문덕환 (인제대학교 의과대학 산업의학과 및 산업의학연구소) ;
  • 김정하 (인제대학교 대학원 보건학과) ;
  • 김필자 (인제대학교 의과대학 산업의학과 및 산업의학연구소) ;
  • 박명희 (인제대학교 의과대학 산업의학과 및 산업의학연구소) ;
  • 황용식 (인제대학교 의과대학 산업의학과 및 산업의학연구소) ;
  • 이채관 (인제대학교 의과대학 산업의학과 및 산업의학연구소) ;
  • 이창희 (인제대학교 의과대학 산업의학과 및 산업의학연구소)
  • Received : 2001.08.31
  • Accepted : 2001.12.17
  • Published : 2001.12.30

Abstract

Objective : For the purpose of preparing the fundamental data and health promotion and control program on organic solvents in air of manufacturing industry. Methods : The author surveyed number of organic solvent components which was used in working site and also determined the organic solvents concentration in air of 927 manufacturing industries and 1,267 working process with gas chromatography(NIOSH manual) for five years from 1995 to 1999. Results : Mean number of solvents components by type of industry, working process was number of 12. There were exceeded to TLV of 1,2-dichloroethane in textile manufacturing industry N,N-dimethyl furan in tanning and dressing of leather ; luggage, handbags, saddlery, harness and footwear manufacturing industry and chemical and chemical product manufacturing industry by type of industry. There were exceeded to TLV of 1,2-dichloroethane in handwriting and drawing process, cellosolve in adhesive spreading process, N,N-dimethly furan in production of solvent process and adhesion process by working process Total exceeded rate to threshold limit values of organic solvents mixture were 12.9% for EI(Exposure index) and 10.0% for Em(Estimation of mixture) by type of industry, 11.3% for EI and 8.2% for Em by type of working process. The highest exceed rate was 36.7% for EI in tanning and dressing of leather ; luggage handbags, saddlery, harness and footwear manufacturing industry and 29.0% for Em in textile manufacturing industry. The highest exceeded rate was 23.1% for EI and 12.5% for Em in adhesive spreading process by working process. Mean values of total subjects by type of industry and type of working process were $0.7{\pm}1.8$ for EI and $0.7{\pm}1.7$ for Em respectively. Conclusions : As above results, the author suggest that it makes the environmental control program on 1.2-dichloroethane, N,N-dimethyl furan, cellosolve by kind of organic solvent and on textile manufacturing industry, tanning and dressing of leather ; luggage, handbags, saddlery harness and footwear manufacturing industry by type of industry, and on handwriting, drawing process and adhesive spreading process and adhesion process by type of working process.