Isolation and Utilization of Antagonistic Pseudomonas fluorescens from Soils for the Protection of Soybean Sprouts Rot

콩나물 부패병 방제를 위해 토양으로부터 분리한 길항균 Pseudomonas fluorescens의 이용

  • Published : 2001.03.30

Abstract

Thirty-three bacterial and fungal strains were isolated from the rotten soybeans and soybean sprouts to isolate pathogenic microorganisms which cause soybean sprouts rot during soybean sprouts cultivation. In pathogenicity tests of the isolates on soybean sprouts, two isolates(K-17 and K-28) caused soybean sprouts rot and were identified as Erwinia carotovora and Fusarium sp., respectively. To isolate antagonists aganist K-17 and K-28 pathogens, bacteria were isolated from various soybean-cultivated soils and screened by the inhibition zone method. A bacterial isolate(J-232) which inhibited growth of both pathogens was identified as Pseudomonas fluorescens and further examined. The culture filtrate of P. fluorescens J-232 (dilution rate of 500 times) inhibited the growth of Erwinia carotovora K-17 and Fusarium sp. K-28 both on potato dextrose agar medium and on soybean sprouts cultivated in vessel. The development of soybean sprouts rots was observed during cultivation by inoculation of soybean seeds with culture filtrate of both pathogens. The combined inoculation of soybean seeds with culture filtrate of antagonistic bacterium and that of pathogens prevented soybean sprouts rot, and the growth of soybean sprouts was similar to that of control. The soybean sprouts inoculated with antagonists culture filtrate alone did not develop soybean sprouts rot, and the growth of the seedlings was shown to be slightly promoted as compared with that of control.

Keywords

antagonistic bacteria;Erwinia carotovora;Fusarium sp.;Pseudomonas fluorescens;soybean sprouts rot