Separation of Plutonium Oxidation States by Ion Chromatography

이온크로마토그래피를 이용한 산화수별 플루토늄의 분리

  • Received : 2000.12.28
  • Published : 2001.02.25

Abstract

The ion chromatography for the separation of plutonium species which are suggested to be $Pu^{3+}$, $Pu^{4+}$, $PuO_2{^+}$ and $PuO_2{^{2+}}$ in natural water was studied. Two separation methods were performed; 1) two-column method containing each of $SiO^-$ and SiO-$SO_3{^-}$ cation exchanger, 2) IC with AG11 column and the eluent of oxalate/nitric acid. Separation conditions for $Eu^{3+}$, $Th^{4+}$, $NpO_2{^+}$, $UO_2{^{2+}}$ in place of plutonium species were acquired from preliminary tests. When these conditions were applied to separate the plutonium species, two-column method was separated them successfully. However, the IC method with oxalate eluent was difficult in the separation of plutonium species due to the change of $Pu^{3+}$ and $PuO_2{^{2+}}$ to $Pu^{4+}$ and $PuO_2{^+}$ respectively.

Keywords

plutonium;separation;chromatography;ion exchanger;oxalate

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 과학기술부

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