Enzymatic Analysis of Organophosphorus Pesticides Using Cholinesterase Inhibition Activities

Cholinesterase 저해 활성을 이용한 유기인계 농약의 효소적 분석

  • Kim, Jung-Ho (Dep. of Environmental Science and Engineering, Kyungsan University)
  • 김정호 (경산대학교 자연과학대학 환경학부)
  • Published : 2001.03.30

Abstract

The effects of organophosphorus were examined with inhibition of the cholinesterase activity on tile chicken plasma in vivo and in vitro. The cholinesterase activity in chicken plasma determined by tile Ellman mettled was $23{\mu}mol$/min/g protein. After oral administration with 0.2 and 0.5 times of organophosphorus terbufos $LD_{50}$(1.81 mg/kg), cholinesterase activity were inhibited to 36% and 96% of control after 15min in vivo, respectively. After oral administration with 0.2 and 0.5 times of terbufos $LD_{50}$(1.81 mg/kg), then the recovery of cholinesterase activity followed to 99% and 56% of control after 11hr, respectively. Ki of phosphorodithioate and phosphorothioate with P=S was $74{\sim}322\;mole^{-1}min^{-1}$ in vitro. Ki of phosphate and phosphorothiolate with P=O was $13898{\sim}79610\;mole^{-1}min^{-1}$. Toxicology of organophosphorus with P=S was higher than that of organophosphorus with P=S by oxidation. $pI_{50}$ of phosphorodithioate and phosphorothioate with P=S was $21{\sim}102$ mg/L. $pI_{50}$ of phosphate and phosphorothiolate with P=O was $0.519{\sim}0.071$ mg/L. Enzyme-Inhibition method with cholinesterase was the rapid bioassay method to detect the organohpophorus pesticides in vitro.

Keywords

Cholinesterase;Organophosphorus pesticides;Enzyme-inhibition