Survey on Pest Management Practice and Scheme of Increasing Income in Sweet Persimmon Farms in Korea

단감원의 병해충 관리 실태와 소득 증대 방안에 대한 농가 의식조사

  • Lee, Dong-Woon (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Lee, Seong-Wook (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Park, Chung-Gyoo (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Choo, Ho-Yul (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University) ;
  • Shin, Chang-Hoon (Halla Arboretum, Forestry Environment Department, Jaeju Provincial Government) ;
  • Lee, Gyoo-Chul (Department of Agricultural Biology, College of Agriculture, Gyeongsang National University)
  • 이동운 (경상대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 이승욱 (경상대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 박정규 (경상대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 추호렬 (경상대학교 농과대학 농생물학과) ;
  • 신창훈 (제주도 한라수목원) ;
  • 이규철 (경상대학교 농과대학 농생물학과)
  • Published : 2001.12.31

Abstract

As a series of studies to develop pest management system for sweet persimmon production matched with the quarantine criterion of sweet persimmon-imported county, a survey was conducted by questionnaire on pest management practice and scheme of increasing income in sweet persimmon farms in Korea. Above 80% of sweet persimmon farmers was over fifties in age. The greatest limiting factor for sweet persimmon production was thought to be disease by the farmers. Percentage of farmers who answered that the most important pest is anthracnose cause by Gloeosporium kaki, and stink bugs was 64.6% and 73.5%, respectively. In particular, the farmers did not consider Dichocrocis punctiferalis, a main targer insect for quarantine in USA, as serious problem. Obtaining information on pest management practice or decision-making on both selection of pesticide and time of pesticide application depended highly on their own experience with the highest proportion. Eight to nine times of pesticide applications a year was highest among farms with 56.6%. More than 80% of farmers recorded the diary of pesticide application. farmers considered increasing cost for pest management as the greatest problem with 35.4% in proportion, and 34.5% of farmers pointed out that increase in export is essential for increasing farm income with highest proportion.

Keywords

sweet persimmon;pest control;Gloeosporium kaki;Dichocrocis punctiferalis;quarantine