Survey on Pesticide Usage in Fruit Crops for the Development of Pesticide Use Indicator

농약사용 지표개발을 위한 과수용 농약사용량 조사분석

  • Kwon, Oh-Kyung (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Hong, Su-Myeong (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Choi, Dal-Soon (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Park, Chan-Won (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Song, Byeong-Hun (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Ryu, Gap-Hee (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA) ;
  • Oh, Byung-Youl (National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA)
  • 권오경 (농업과학기술원 농약안전성과) ;
  • 홍수명 (농업과학기술원 농약안전성과) ;
  • 최달순 (농업과학기술원 농약안전성과) ;
  • 박찬원 (농업과학기술원 농약안전성과) ;
  • 송병훈 (농업과학기술원 농약안전성과) ;
  • 류갑희 (농업과학기술원 농약안전성과) ;
  • 오병렬 (농업과학기술원 농약안전성과)
  • Published : 2001.12.31

Abstract

Pesticide actual usage in fruit crop cultivation was surveyed, and usage trends of individual pesticides were evaluated to provide data for the development of indicators of environmental impact. The amount of pesticide used for fruit crops indicated the order of fungicide>insecticide>herbicide unlike the case of paddy rice. The fungicide rate of total usage was 72% in apple cultivation. Top ranking fungicides used on fruits were Mancozeb, Propineb, Thiophanate-methyl and the main insecticides were Mancozeb, Propineb, Thiophanate-methyl. The usuage by formulation types showed the order of WP>EC>SL>SC>SP>WG. Pesticide usage (a.i.) per hectare by different fruits was citrus 48.6kg, apple 27.1kg, pear 18.6kg, persimmon 17.5kg, peach 11.3kg and grape 9.2kg. Comparison of pesticide usage (a.i.,kg/ha) in some fruit crops between Korea and USA indicated that more pesticides were used for citrus, pear and peach in USA than Korea while more pesticides were used in Korea than USA for apple.

Keywords

Pesticide use indicator;fruit crops;pesticide usage statistics