The Effect of Stress Ratio on Fatigue Crack Propagation Rate in SA516/70 Pressure Vessel Steel at Low Temperature

SA516/70 압력용기 강의 저온 피로균열 진전 속도에 미치는 응력비의 영향

  • 박경동 (부경대학교 기계공학부) ;
  • 김정호 (부경대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 최병국 (동명대학 산업시스템경영) ;
  • 임만배 (동의대학교 기계공학부)
  • Published : 2001.03.01

Abstract

The fatigue crack growth behavior of the SA516/70 steel which is used for pressure vessels was examined experimentally at room temperature, $-60^{\circ}C$,$-80^{\circ}C$ and $-100^{\circ}C$ with stress ratio of R=0.05, 0.1 and 0.3. Fatigue crack propagation rate da/dN related with stress intensity factor range ${\Delta}K$ was influenced by stress ratio in stable of fatigue crack growth (Region II) with an increase in ${\Delta}K$. The resistance of fatigue crack growth at low temperature is higher compared with that at room temperature, which is attributed to the extent of plasticity-induced by compressive residual stress according to the cyclic loads. Fractographic examinations reveal that the differences of the fatigue crack growth characteristics between room and low temperatures are mainly explained by the crack closure and the strengthening due to the plasticity induced and roughness induced.