Low-Velocity Impact Analyses of Isotropic and Anisotropic Materials by the Finite Element Method

유한요소법에 의한 등방성과 이방성 재료의 저속 충격 해석

  • 안국찬 (진주산업대학교 기계설계공학과) ;
  • 박형렬 (진주직업전문학교 정밀기계가공공과)
  • Published : 2001.03.01


The purpose of this research is to analyze the impact resposes(impulsive stress and strain etc.) of anisotropic materials subjected to the low-velocity impact. For this purpose, a beam finite element program based on modified higher-order beam theory for anisotropic materials are developed and used to simulate the dynamic behaviors [contact force, displacement of ball and target, strain(stress) response histories] according to the changes of material property, stacking sequence, velocity and dimension etc.. Test materials for simulation are composed of $[0^{\circ}/45^{\circ}/0^{\circ}/-45^{\circ}/0^{\circ}]_{2s} and [90^{\circ}/45^{\circ}/90^{\circ}/-45^{\circ}/90^{\circ}]_{2s}$ stacking sequences. Finally, the results of this simulation are compared with those of wave propagation theory and then the impact responses and wave propagation phenomena are investigated.