Effect of Copper on Callus Formation and Plant Regeneration in Seed Culture of Rice

벼 종자배양에서 Copper가 캘러스 형성 및 식물체 재분화에 미치는 영향

  • 권용삼 (경북대학교 농과대학 농학과) ;
  • 손재근 (경북대학교 농과대학 농학과)
  • Published : 2001.07.01

Abstract

This study was conducted to improve the regeneration efficiency from seed-derived calli of rice by optimizing the copper concentrations in the media. Mature seeds were cultured on MS medium supplemented with copper sulphate (0 to 5.0 mg/L) and 2 mg/L 2,4-D. Callus growth was influenced by the levels of copper sulphate containing with medium, The addition of copper sulphate (2.5 mg/L) in regeneration medium enhanced dramatically the ability of plant regeneration from seed-derived calli. The mean frequency of plant regeneration of 6 indica rices was 27.4% on medium containing copper sulphate, whereas that of the cultivars on copper-free medium was 2.4%. These results suggest that copper sulphate may have an important role in improving regeneration ability of indica rices.

벼의 종자배양에서 식물체 재분화 능력을 향상시키기 위하여 2 mg/L의 2,4-D와 여러 가지 농도의 copper (0~5.0mg/L)가 첨가된 MS배지에 종자배양 한 바 캘러스 생장정도는 copper 농도에 따라 다르게 나타났는데 특히, 2.5 mg/L의 copper가 첨가된 배지에서 가장 양호하였다. 그리고 캘러스 형성률과 copper 농도 간에는 유의성 있는 차이가 인정되지 않았다. 식물체 재분화 배지에 2.5 mg/L의 copper의 첨가는 Indica 품종들의 식물체 재분화 효율을 크게 향상시켰다. Copper가 첨가되지 않은 N$_{6}$배지에서 Indica 6품종의 평균재분화율은 2.4%이었으나, copper가 첨가된 배지에서 27.4%로 높게 나타났다.

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