Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as Strategies of life Management in Mid-life Crisis

선택.최적화.보상 책략과 중년기 위기감과의 관계

  • 엄세진 (고려대학교 대학원 가정학과) ;
  • 정옥분 (고려대학교 가정교육학과)
  • Published : 2001.11.01

Abstract

This study investigated the relationships among Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management in mid-life crisis respect to gender and age. The subjects of this study were 170 females and 182 males at the ages between 40 and 60 living in Seoul. Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management were assessed by SOC-questionnaire while mid-life crisis was assessed by Mid-Life Crisis Scale. The data were analyzed using frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, Cronbach's $\alpha$, two-way ANOVAS, and Pearson's correlations. Except compensation there was no significant difference in Selection and Optimization as strategies of life management as a function of gender and age. No signigicant difference was found in mid-life crisis as a function of gender and age. There were significant negative correlations among Selection, Optimization, and Compensation(SOC) as strategies of life management and mid-life crisis except the individuation.