Identification of Breeding Resource Material for the Development of Therms-Tolerant Breeds in the silkworm, Bombyx mori

  • Begum, A.Naseema (Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute) ;
  • Basavaraja, H.K. (Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute) ;
  • Rekha, M. (Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute) ;
  • Ahsan, M.M. (Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute) ;
  • Datta, R.K. (Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute)
  • Published : 2001.06.01

Abstract

Screening of fifteen bivoltine silkworm breeds of Bombyx mori Linn at a temperature of $31{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ and relative humidity of 85${\pm}$5% resulted in the identification of eight thermo-tolerant breeds. The survival and cocoon shell ratio of the tolerant breeds ranged from 72.7 to 78.7% and 20.0 to 20.1% respectively. The tolerant breeds comprised of four oval breeds and four dumb-bell breeds. Eight foundation crosses prepared by crossing the oval and dumb-bell parents among themselves were screened at a temperature of $31{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ and relative humidity of 85{\pm}5%. The performance of the foundation crosses on 11 economic characters were analysed by employing Multipie Trait Evaluation Index method. Four foundation crosses which scored average index value > 50 were selected as breeding parents and breeding initiated for the evolution of thermo-tolerant bivoltine silkworm breeds. The methodology and the results of the foundation crosses reared both at 31{\pm}1$^{\circ}C$ and at $25{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ temperatures, are discussed.