- Volume 14 Issue 4
Physicochemical properties of dough and bread supplemented with onion (Allium cepa L.) powder were investigated. Farinographic characteristics of dough showed that addition of onion by 2% and 4% increased water absorption, however, as the onion added more the water absorption decreased. Addition of 2% onion delayed time for development of dough a little, while more than 4% onion shortened the development time significant1y. A reduction in stability and an Increase in weakness of dough were observed by addition of onion. Addition of onion powder resulted in a reduction of extendibility and an increase in resistance to extension of dough as measured by extensograph. Amylographic analysis showed that addition of onion increased gelatinization temperature and decreased maximum viscosity. Moisture content, baking loss, height and volume of bread tended to decrease with the addition of onion powder. Lightness of bread crust and crumb decreased as the onion powder added more, while redness and yellowness increased. Bread tilth onion powder had mode free amino acid. especially, Arginine. aspartic acid, glutamic acid and alanine, than control. The addition of onion hardness of bread increased, but springiness decreased as the onion added more. Sensory evaluation of bread indicated that addition of 2% and 4% onion powder enhanced springiness, mouth feeling, appearance, hardness, moistness and overall acceptability.