Resistance Mechanisms of Green Peach Aphid, Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae), to Imidacloprid

복숭아혹진딧물(Myzus persicae)의 imidacloprid에 대한 저항성 기작

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  • Published : 2001.09.01

Abstract

Resistance mechanisms in the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) resistant to imidacloprid were investigated. Imidacloprid residues on the aphid integuments decreased slowly as time passed with no significant difference between the susceptible and resistant strains. Residue in the aphid body increased in both strains with time elapse, and was slightly more in the susceptible strain. A higher metabolic rate of imidacloprid in the resistant strain can be expected by the fact that more amount of imidacloprid were excreted in the resistant strain than in the susceptible one. The activity of AChE was higher 1.4 times in the resistant strain than in the susceptible one, and imidacloprid did not inhibit AChE at all in both strains. Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) and iprobenfos (IBP) synergized imidacloprid activity. The mixtures of imidacloprid and PBO (1 : 1 and 1 : 5) caused 69.4- and 250-fold increase of imidacloprid toxicity against the aphid. Insecticide toxicity of the mixtures of IBP and imidacloprid (1 : 1 and 1 : 5) was also increased 227 and 80.6 times. Esterase activity when $\alpha$-naphtyl butyrate and $\beta$-naphtyl acetate were used as substrates was higher in the resistance strain than in the susceptible one. This means that P450 monooxygenase and esterase are responsible for the resistance to imidacloprid in this aphid strain.

Keywords

Myzus persicae;Resistance;Mechanism;Esterase;P450 monooxygenase;Acetylcholinesterase;Acetylcholinesterase;Esterase;Metabolism